Resistance of lotic ecosystems to a light elimination disturbance

a laboratory stream study

A. D. Steinman, P. J. Mulholland, A. V. Palumbo, T. F. Flum, J. W. Elwood, D. L. Deangelis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Black plastic was placed over laboratory stream channels for 92 d to examine the resistance of lotic ecosystems to light elimination. Prior to the disturbance, 4 treatments (high grazing-recirculated flow, high grazing-once-through flow, low grazing-recirculated flow, low grazing-once-through flow) were imposed on the streams, resulting in systems with different biomass levels and recycling indices. Light elimination resulted in significant declines of all functional and most structural properties associated with the streams. Declines in species diversity and number were greater in high grazed streams, but high grazed streams appeared more resistant with respect to autotrophic biomass and carbon fixation. The relatively small effect of the treatments on system resistance compared with the large influence of light elimination suggests that resistance may be more dependent on the qualities of the disturbance (eg magnitude and duration) than those of the system. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-90
Number of pages11
JournalOikos
Volume58
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990

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lotic systems
grazing
disturbance
ecosystem
carbon fixation
biomass
stream channel
stream channels
recycling
species diversity
plastics
plastic
duration
laboratory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology

Cite this

Steinman, A. D., Mulholland, P. J., Palumbo, A. V., Flum, T. F., Elwood, J. W., & Deangelis, D. L. (1990). Resistance of lotic ecosystems to a light elimination disturbance: a laboratory stream study. Oikos, 58(1), 80-90.

Resistance of lotic ecosystems to a light elimination disturbance : a laboratory stream study. / Steinman, A. D.; Mulholland, P. J.; Palumbo, A. V.; Flum, T. F.; Elwood, J. W.; Deangelis, D. L.

In: Oikos, Vol. 58, No. 1, 01.01.1990, p. 80-90.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Steinman, AD, Mulholland, PJ, Palumbo, AV, Flum, TF, Elwood, JW & Deangelis, DL 1990, 'Resistance of lotic ecosystems to a light elimination disturbance: a laboratory stream study', Oikos, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 80-90.
Steinman AD, Mulholland PJ, Palumbo AV, Flum TF, Elwood JW, Deangelis DL. Resistance of lotic ecosystems to a light elimination disturbance: a laboratory stream study. Oikos. 1990 Jan 1;58(1):80-90.
Steinman, A. D. ; Mulholland, P. J. ; Palumbo, A. V. ; Flum, T. F. ; Elwood, J. W. ; Deangelis, D. L. / Resistance of lotic ecosystems to a light elimination disturbance : a laboratory stream study. In: Oikos. 1990 ; Vol. 58, No. 1. pp. 80-90.
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