Residential construction failures caused by hurricane Andrew

Wimal Suaris, Mohammed S. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents results of a study conducted on several residential structures to determine the design and construction deficiencies that contributed significantly to their failure. The failures in masonry construction can mainly be attributed to lack of anchorage because the wall reinforcing was either missing or not hooked to the tie beam. Some masonry-wall failures were also caused by the tie beam bending about its minor axis when subjected to lateral loading. The failures in framed construction can mainly be attributed to deficient design and construction practices. Wood end gables were a typical feature in houses in South Florida that failed due to lack of proper bracing. Loss of roof sheathing was also common due to inadequate nailing. The breach of the exterior building envelope by the loss of roof sheathing and broken windows/doors led to extensive interior damage in most houses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-33
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Performance of Constructed Facilities
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 1995

Fingerprint

Hurricanes
hurricane
Roofs
masonry
Masonry construction
roof
Interiors (building)
Wood
damage
loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Residential construction failures caused by hurricane Andrew. / Suaris, Wimal; Khan, Mohammed S.

In: Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, Vol. 9, No. 1, 01.02.1995, p. 24-33.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{7b3b614485544ea38978427935bf086f,
title = "Residential construction failures caused by hurricane Andrew",
abstract = "This paper presents results of a study conducted on several residential structures to determine the design and construction deficiencies that contributed significantly to their failure. The failures in masonry construction can mainly be attributed to lack of anchorage because the wall reinforcing was either missing or not hooked to the tie beam. Some masonry-wall failures were also caused by the tie beam bending about its minor axis when subjected to lateral loading. The failures in framed construction can mainly be attributed to deficient design and construction practices. Wood end gables were a typical feature in houses in South Florida that failed due to lack of proper bracing. Loss of roof sheathing was also common due to inadequate nailing. The breach of the exterior building envelope by the loss of roof sheathing and broken windows/doors led to extensive interior damage in most houses.",
author = "Wimal Suaris and Khan, {Mohammed S.}",
year = "1995",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1061/(ASCE)0887-3828(1995)9:1(24)",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "24--33",
journal = "Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities",
issn = "0887-3828",
publisher = "American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Residential construction failures caused by hurricane Andrew

AU - Suaris, Wimal

AU - Khan, Mohammed S.

PY - 1995/2/1

Y1 - 1995/2/1

N2 - This paper presents results of a study conducted on several residential structures to determine the design and construction deficiencies that contributed significantly to their failure. The failures in masonry construction can mainly be attributed to lack of anchorage because the wall reinforcing was either missing or not hooked to the tie beam. Some masonry-wall failures were also caused by the tie beam bending about its minor axis when subjected to lateral loading. The failures in framed construction can mainly be attributed to deficient design and construction practices. Wood end gables were a typical feature in houses in South Florida that failed due to lack of proper bracing. Loss of roof sheathing was also common due to inadequate nailing. The breach of the exterior building envelope by the loss of roof sheathing and broken windows/doors led to extensive interior damage in most houses.

AB - This paper presents results of a study conducted on several residential structures to determine the design and construction deficiencies that contributed significantly to their failure. The failures in masonry construction can mainly be attributed to lack of anchorage because the wall reinforcing was either missing or not hooked to the tie beam. Some masonry-wall failures were also caused by the tie beam bending about its minor axis when subjected to lateral loading. The failures in framed construction can mainly be attributed to deficient design and construction practices. Wood end gables were a typical feature in houses in South Florida that failed due to lack of proper bracing. Loss of roof sheathing was also common due to inadequate nailing. The breach of the exterior building envelope by the loss of roof sheathing and broken windows/doors led to extensive interior damage in most houses.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028977276&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028977276&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1061/(ASCE)0887-3828(1995)9:1(24)

DO - 10.1061/(ASCE)0887-3828(1995)9:1(24)

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 24

EP - 33

JO - Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities

JF - Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities

SN - 0887-3828

IS - 1

ER -