The reproducibility of serial measurements using a volumetric proton MR Spectroscopic Imaging (MRSI) acquisition implemented at 3 Tesla and with lipid suppression by inversion-recovery has been evaluated. Data were acquired from two subjects at five time points, and processed using fully-automated procedures that included rigid registration between studies. These data were analyzed to determine coefficients of variance (COV) for each metabolite and for metabolite ratio images based on an individual voxel analysis, as well as for average and grey-matter and white-matter values from atlas-defined brain regions. The volumetric MRSI acquisition was found to obtain data of sufficient quality for analysis over 70±6% of the total brain volume, and spatial distributions of the resultant COV values were found to reflect the known distributions of susceptibility-induced magnetic field inhomogeneity. Median values of the resultant voxel-based COVs were 6.2%, 7.2%, and 9.7% for N-acetylaspartate, creatine, and choline respectively. The corresponding mean values obtained following averaging over lobar-scale brain regions within the cerebrum were 3.5%, 3.7%, and 5.2%. These results indicate that longitudinal volumetric MRSI studies with post-acquisition registration can provide an intra-subject reproducibility for voxel-based analyses that is comparable to previously-reported single-voxel MRS measurements, while additionally enabling increased sensitivity by averaging over larger tissue volumes.
- Intra-subject reproducibility
- Proton MR spectroscopic imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging