Purpose: To investigate the morphological changes of polyps in eyes with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) after treatment with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors using swept source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA). Observations: Following anti-VEGF therapy, polyps were found to evolve into typical type 1 macular neovascularization (MNV) in five eyes. In all of these five eyes, a polypoidal lesion was detected adjacent to a serous or hemorrhagic retinal pigment epithelial detachment (PED). Conclusions and importance: Polypoidal lesions in PCV can evolve into typical type 1 MNV. This morphological evolution suggests that these polyps are clusters of tangled vessels that can proliferate into a more typical neovascular pattern, and this evolution may be facilitated by being adjacent to a PED. Since this morphological appearance could be associated with a better prognosis, SS-OCTA might be helpful in identifying cases of transformed polyps that may be associated with a decreased risk for vision loss.
- Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatment
- Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy
- Swept source OCT angiography
- Type 1 macular neovascularization
ASJC Scopus subject areas