Remote sensing assessment of oil spills near a damaged platform in the Gulf of Mexico

Shaojie Sun, Chuanmin Hu, Oscar Garcia-Pineda, Vassiliki Kourafalou, Matthieu Le Hénaff, Yannis Androulidakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


An oil platform in the Mississippi Canyon 20 (MC-20) site was damaged by Hurricane Ivan in September 2004. In this study, we use medium- to high-resolution (10–30 m) optical remote sensing imagery to systematically assess oil spills near this site for the period between 2004 and 2016. Image analysis detects no surface oil in 2004, but ~40% of the cloud-free images in 2005 show oil slicks, and this number increases to ~70% in 2006–2011, and >80% since 2012. For all cloud-free images from 2005 through 2016 (including those without oil slicks), delineated oil slicks show an average oil coverage of 14.9 km2/image, with an estimated oil discharge rate of 48 to ~1700 barrels/day, and a cumulative oil-contaminated area of 1900 km2 around the MC-20 site. Additional analysis suggests that the detected oil slick distribution can be largely explained by surface currents, winds, and density fronts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-151
Number of pages11
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
StatePublished - Nov 2018


  • Gulf of Mexico
  • Hurricane
  • MC-20
  • Oil spill
  • Optical remote sensing
  • Taylor Energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Pollution


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