Remote Impact of the Equatorial Pacific on Florida Current Transport

Shenfu Dong, Denis L. Volkov, Gustavo Goni, Kandaga Pujiana, Filippos Tagklis, Molly Baringer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Satellite and in-situ measurements are used in this study to investigate a possible link between the Florida Current transport (FCT) and temperature changes in the equatorial Pacific. Consistent with the geostrophic nature of the current, the FCT variability shows good correspondence with the changes in sea surface height differences (∆SSH) between the eastern (SSHeast) and western (SSHwest) sides of the Florida Straits. While the variability of SSHwest is mostly associated with seasonal and shorter timescale fluctuations of ∆SSH and FCT, changes in SSHeast are strongly related to the interannual variability of ∆SSH and FCT. A significant correlation is found between the FCT and the Oceanic Niño Index (ONI) on interannual timescales, which explains 21% of the interannual FCT variance. The connection of ONI with FCT is through its impact on SSHeast, associated with the anomalous convergence/divergence in the Caribbean region and the Bahamas forced by ONI-induced wind stress curl changes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2021GL096944
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 28 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • El Niño and La Niña
  • equatorial Pacific
  • Florida current
  • interannual variability
  • remote impact
  • sea surface height

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


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