Religious involvement, God images, and life satisfaction

Neal Krause, Gail Ironson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


This study addresses two issues. The first is to identify the aspects of religious life that are associated with benevolent images of God including denominational affiliation (Conservative Christians versus others), church attendance, and church-based social support (i.e., spiritual support). Data from a nationwide survey suggests that church-based support appears to be the most consequential. The second issue involves embedding these constructs in a conceptual model that traces effects of benevolent God images on life satisfaction. The following hypotheses form the core of this model: (1) Conservative Christians will attend worship services more often, (2) individuals who go to church more often tend to receive more support, (3) people who receive more support are more likely to have benevolent images of God, (4) benevolent images of God are associated with greater hope, and (5) greater hope is associated with greater life satisfaction. The findings provide support for each hypothesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-55
Number of pages15
JournalMental Health, Religion and Culture
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2 2019


  • God images
  • hope
  • life satisfaction
  • spiritual support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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