Religiosity is associated with affective status in symptomatic HIV-infected African-Aamerican women

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37 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between religiosity and the affective and immune status of 33 HIV-seropositive mildly symptomatic African-American women (CDC stage B) in a replication of a prior study that reported an association between religiosity and affective and immune status in HIV-seropositive gay men. All women completed an intake interview, a set of psychosocial questionnaires, and provided a venous blood sample. Consistent with prior work, factor analysis of 12 religious-oriented response items revealed two distinct aspects to religiosity: religious coping and religious behavior. Religious coping (e.g. placing trust in God, seeking comfort in religion) was significantly associated with lower depression and anxiety. Regression analyses revealed the association between religious coping and depressive symptoms appears to be mediated by an active coping style. However, the association between religious coping and anxiety does not appear to be mediated by either active coping or sense of self-efficacy in these women. In contrast to prior work, neither religious coping nor religious behavior was significantly associated with immune status as measured by T helper-inducer (CD4 +) cell counts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)317-326
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1999

Keywords

  • Affective status
  • African-American
  • HIV
  • Immune status
  • Religion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

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