Religiosity is associated with affective and immune status in symptomatic HIV-infected gay men

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

121 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examines the relationship between religiosity and the affective and immune status of 106 HIV-seropositive mildly symptomatic gay men (CDC stage B). All men completed an intake interview, a set of psychosocial questionnaires, and provided a venous blood sample. Factor analysis of 12 religiously oriented response items revealed two distinct aspects to religiosity: religious coping and religious behavior. Religious coping (e.g., placing trust in God, seeking comfort in religion) was significantly associated with lower scores on the Beck Depression Inventory, but not with specific immune markers. On the other hand, religious behavior (e.g, service attendance, prayer, spiritual discussion, reading religious literature) was significantly associated with higher T-helper-inducer cell (CD4+) counts and higher CD4+ percentages, but not with depression. Regression analyses indicated that religiosity's associations with affective and immune status was not mediated by the subjects' sense of self-efficacy or ability to actively cope with their health situation. The associations between religiosity and affective and immune status also appear to be independent of symptom status. Self-efficacy, however, did appear to contribute uniquely and significantly to lower depression scores. Our results show that an examination considering both subject religiosity as well as sense of self-efficacy may predict depressive symptoms in HIV-infected gay men better than an examination that considers either variable in isolation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-176
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 1999

Fingerprint

Self Efficacy
HIV
Depression
Religion
Aptitude
Psychological Adaptation
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
Helper-Inducer T-Lymphocytes
Statistical Factor Analysis
Reading
Biomarkers
Regression Analysis
Interviews
Equipment and Supplies
Sexual Minorities
Health

Keywords

  • Affective status
  • HIV
  • Immune status
  • Religion
  • Self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Religiosity is associated with affective and immune status in symptomatic HIV-infected gay men. / Woods, Teresa E.; Antoni, Michael H; Ironson, Gail; Kling, David.

In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Vol. 46, No. 2, 01.02.1999, p. 165-176.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4521109b28f441b4b1aee139d4ce25d8,
title = "Religiosity is associated with affective and immune status in symptomatic HIV-infected gay men",
abstract = "This study examines the relationship between religiosity and the affective and immune status of 106 HIV-seropositive mildly symptomatic gay men (CDC stage B). All men completed an intake interview, a set of psychosocial questionnaires, and provided a venous blood sample. Factor analysis of 12 religiously oriented response items revealed two distinct aspects to religiosity: religious coping and religious behavior. Religious coping (e.g., placing trust in God, seeking comfort in religion) was significantly associated with lower scores on the Beck Depression Inventory, but not with specific immune markers. On the other hand, religious behavior (e.g, service attendance, prayer, spiritual discussion, reading religious literature) was significantly associated with higher T-helper-inducer cell (CD4+) counts and higher CD4+ percentages, but not with depression. Regression analyses indicated that religiosity's associations with affective and immune status was not mediated by the subjects' sense of self-efficacy or ability to actively cope with their health situation. The associations between religiosity and affective and immune status also appear to be independent of symptom status. Self-efficacy, however, did appear to contribute uniquely and significantly to lower depression scores. Our results show that an examination considering both subject religiosity as well as sense of self-efficacy may predict depressive symptoms in HIV-infected gay men better than an examination that considers either variable in isolation.",
keywords = "Affective status, HIV, Immune status, Religion, Self-efficacy",
author = "Woods, {Teresa E.} and Antoni, {Michael H} and Gail Ironson and David Kling",
year = "1999",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S0022-3999(98)00078-6",
language = "English",
volume = "46",
pages = "165--176",
journal = "Journal of Psychosomatic Research",
issn = "0022-3999",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Religiosity is associated with affective and immune status in symptomatic HIV-infected gay men

AU - Woods, Teresa E.

AU - Antoni, Michael H

AU - Ironson, Gail

AU - Kling, David

PY - 1999/2/1

Y1 - 1999/2/1

N2 - This study examines the relationship between religiosity and the affective and immune status of 106 HIV-seropositive mildly symptomatic gay men (CDC stage B). All men completed an intake interview, a set of psychosocial questionnaires, and provided a venous blood sample. Factor analysis of 12 religiously oriented response items revealed two distinct aspects to religiosity: religious coping and religious behavior. Religious coping (e.g., placing trust in God, seeking comfort in religion) was significantly associated with lower scores on the Beck Depression Inventory, but not with specific immune markers. On the other hand, religious behavior (e.g, service attendance, prayer, spiritual discussion, reading religious literature) was significantly associated with higher T-helper-inducer cell (CD4+) counts and higher CD4+ percentages, but not with depression. Regression analyses indicated that religiosity's associations with affective and immune status was not mediated by the subjects' sense of self-efficacy or ability to actively cope with their health situation. The associations between religiosity and affective and immune status also appear to be independent of symptom status. Self-efficacy, however, did appear to contribute uniquely and significantly to lower depression scores. Our results show that an examination considering both subject religiosity as well as sense of self-efficacy may predict depressive symptoms in HIV-infected gay men better than an examination that considers either variable in isolation.

AB - This study examines the relationship between religiosity and the affective and immune status of 106 HIV-seropositive mildly symptomatic gay men (CDC stage B). All men completed an intake interview, a set of psychosocial questionnaires, and provided a venous blood sample. Factor analysis of 12 religiously oriented response items revealed two distinct aspects to religiosity: religious coping and religious behavior. Religious coping (e.g., placing trust in God, seeking comfort in religion) was significantly associated with lower scores on the Beck Depression Inventory, but not with specific immune markers. On the other hand, religious behavior (e.g, service attendance, prayer, spiritual discussion, reading religious literature) was significantly associated with higher T-helper-inducer cell (CD4+) counts and higher CD4+ percentages, but not with depression. Regression analyses indicated that religiosity's associations with affective and immune status was not mediated by the subjects' sense of self-efficacy or ability to actively cope with their health situation. The associations between religiosity and affective and immune status also appear to be independent of symptom status. Self-efficacy, however, did appear to contribute uniquely and significantly to lower depression scores. Our results show that an examination considering both subject religiosity as well as sense of self-efficacy may predict depressive symptoms in HIV-infected gay men better than an examination that considers either variable in isolation.

KW - Affective status

KW - HIV

KW - Immune status

KW - Religion

KW - Self-efficacy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032935988&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032935988&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0022-3999(98)00078-6

DO - 10.1016/S0022-3999(98)00078-6

M3 - Article

C2 - 10098825

AN - SCOPUS:0032935988

VL - 46

SP - 165

EP - 176

JO - Journal of Psychosomatic Research

JF - Journal of Psychosomatic Research

SN - 0022-3999

IS - 2

ER -