Relaxation therapy reduces anxiety in child and adolescent psychiatric patients.

A. Platania-Solazzo, T. M. Field, J. Blank, F. Seligman, C. Kuhn, S. Schanberg, P. Saab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

The immediate effects of relaxation therapy (RT) were assessed in 40 hospitalized children and adolescents with diagnoses of adjustment disorder and depression. These effects were assessed using a within subjects pre-test/post-test design and by comparison with a control group of 20 depressed and adjustment disorder patients who watched a 1-h relaxing videotape. The 1-h RT class consisted of yoga exercise, a brief massage and progressive muscle relaxation. Decreases were noted in both self-reported anxiety and in anxious behavior and fidgeting as well as increases in positive affect in the RT but not the video group. In addition, adjustment disorder patients and a third of the depressed patients showed decreases in cortisol levels following RT, while no changes were noted in the video group. Thus, both diagnostic groups appeared to benefit from the RT class.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-120
Number of pages6
JournalActa paedopsychiatrica
Volume55
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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