Relationships of gender, family responsibility and flexible work hours to organizational commitment and job satisfaction

Terri A. Scandura, Melenie J. Lankau

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

329 Scopus citations

Abstract

Psychological contract theory (Rousseau, 1995) suggets that women and those with family responsibilities may negotiate new psychological contracts that include family-responsive benefits such as flexible work hours. Relationships of gender, family responsibility, and flexible work hours to organizational commitment and job satisfaction were examined among 160 matched male and female managers in a cross-organizational study. Results revealed that women who perceived their organizations offered flexible work hours reported higher levels of organizational commitment and job satisfactions than women who did not. Also, flexible work hours were related to higher organizational commitment and job satisfaction for those having family responsibilities. Implications of these results for future research and organizational policy are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-391
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Psychology(all)
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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