Relationships of Contextual Factors and Personal Identity to Externalizing Problem Behavior Among Iranian Early Adolescents

Alan Meca, Zohreh Majdabadi, Seth J Schwartz, Valiollah Farzad, Mehrnaz Shahraray, Ali Reza Moradi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


In the present study, we evaluated a model of relations among contextual factors (family, school, and peer group), personal identity (i.e., coherence and confusion), and problem behavior among Iranian adolescents. The sample consisted of 765 Iranian adolescents and 615 primary caregivers. Results indicated that family functioning (adolescent report) was related to adolescent problem behavior (a) directly and (b) indirectly through identity confusion. Peer support on the other hand was solely indirectly related to adolescent problem behavior through identity confusion. School functioning was also significantly and negatively related to adolescent problem behavior. The present findings suggest that identity and contextual factors play important roles in steering Iranian adolescents toward or away from behavior problems. Implications for further research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)250-266
Number of pages17
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016



  • Externalizing problem behavior
  • Iran
  • mediation
  • personal identity
  • social context

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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