Relationship of small-for-dates sac size to crown-rump length and spontaneous abortion in patients with a known date of ovulation

Ahmad Nazari, Jerome H. Check, Richard H. Epstein, Carole Dietterich, Susan Farzanfar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Spontaneous abortion after established sonographic viability is rare. This study prospectively evaluated 39 late firsttrimester abortions after fetal viability was established by ultrasound. The average crown-rump length measurement and mean sac diameter in this group were determined and compared with predicted values based on known conception dates, and the discrepancy between actual and predicted measurements was noted. The same calculations were then made on 39 prospectively matched non-aborting controls. We also determined the difference between sac size and crown-rump length in both groups. Significant differences were found for all three measures. Small-for-dates sac size and small-for-dates crown-rump length were defined as having a discrepancy score greater than 1 standard deviation (SD) above normal. Small-for-dates sac/crown-rump length was defined as having a discrepancy score less than 1 SD below normal. A high percentage of aborters was correctly predicted by a mean sac diameter (82%) or crown-rump length (77%) that was greater than +1 SD, with few false positives (12.8 and 5.1%, respectively). The cutoff for differences of sac minus crown-rump length measurements (10.1 mm) was less sensitive (56%), but just as specific (82%). When both the mean sac diameter and crown-rump length were smaller than expected (according to known date of ovulation), the ability to predict abortion was 71% with few false positives (3.5%).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-373
Number of pages5
JournalObstetrics and gynecology
Volume78
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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