Relationship Between Parent Demographic Characteristics, Perinatal and Early Childhood Behaviors, and Body Mass Index Among Preschool-Age Children

Sarah E. Messiah, Lila Asfour, Kristopher L. Arheart, Sarah M. Selem, Susan B. Uhlhorn, Ruby Natale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Approximately 25 % of US 2-to-5-year olds are overweight and ethnic minority groups are disproportionately affected. We explored the relationship between parent demographic characteristics, various perinatal/early childhood (EC) factors, and child body mass index (BMI) to determine possible contributors to these disparities. A preschool-based randomized controlled (N = 28 centers) obesity prevention intervention was conducted among multiethnic 2-to-5 year olds. Baseline assessment of demographic characteristics, various perinatal/EC factors, and child BMI were analyzed via generalized linear mixed models and logistic regression analysis. Foreign-born parents were almost 2.5 times as likely to have an obese child versus children of US-born parents (OR 2.43, 95 % CI 1.53–3.87). Families who spoke Spanish only or a combination of Creole/English at home were over twice as likely to have an obese preschool child versus families who spoke English only at home. Parent place of birth and language spoken at home plays a significant role in early childhood obesity. Future early childhood healthy weight initiatives should incorporate strategies that take into account these particular parent characteristics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)414-421
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 22 2015

Keywords

  • Birthweight
  • Body mass index
  • Breastfeeding
  • Obese
  • Perinatal
  • Preschool age children
  • Risk factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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