Relationship between pain characteristics and pain adaptation type in persons with SCI

Eva Widerstrom-Noga, Yenisel Cruz-Almeida, Elizabeth Felix, James P. Adcock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

After a spinal cord injury (SCI), people commonly experience several types of persistent pain. Unfortunately, individuals who experience unremitting pain despite various treatments have no choice but to adapt to their pain. Although people may possess different styles of pain adaptation, one can hypothesize that the specific types of pain a person experiences are also important. The present study determined the association between pain characteristics and specific adaptational patterns to pain after SCI. Participants (N = 182) were interviewed regarding pain characteristics and the impact of pain on their psychosocial status. Based on the SCI version of the Multidimensional Pain Inventory (MPI-SCI), they were classified as Dysfunctional, with higher pain severity (PS) and life interference (LI); Interpersonally Supported, with moderately high PS, high social support levels, and less LI; or Adaptive Coper, with lower PS and LI levels. A multinomial logistic regression analysis indicated a robust model fit (chi-square = 63.6, p < 0.0005), predicting MPI-SCI subgroup membership based on a combination of pain intensity (p < 0.0005), extent of pain aggravation (p < 0.01), electric quality of pain (p < 0.01), constancy of pain (p < 0.01), and distribution of pain (p < 0.05). The results of the present study support the biopsychosocial model of pain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-56
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2009

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Spinal Cord Injuries
Pain
Social Support

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Biopsychosocial
  • Chronic pain
  • Multidimensional Pain Inventory
  • Neuropathic pain
  • Pain aggravation
  • Pain history
  • Psychosocial impact
  • Rehabilitation
  • Spinal cord injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Relationship between pain characteristics and pain adaptation type in persons with SCI. / Widerstrom-Noga, Eva; Cruz-Almeida, Yenisel; Felix, Elizabeth; Adcock, James P.

In: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, Vol. 46, No. 1, 01.06.2009, p. 43-56.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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