Relationship between Body Mass Index and Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors among US 8- to 14-Year-Olds, 1999 to 2002

Sarah Messiah, Kristopher Arheart, Barbara Luke, Steven E Lipshultz, Tracie L Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome risk factors (MSRF) and examine the relationship between body mass index and the prevalence of ≥3 MSRF in 8- to 11- and 12- to 14-year-old age groups. Study design: Combined 1999 to 2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data were analyzed (N = 1698). Prevalence of normal weight, at-risk for overweight, and overweight were determined. Prevalence of ≥3 MSRF (abnormal waist circumference, glucose, HDL cholesterol, triglyceride, systolic and diastolic blood pressure) were reported using (1) an age, sex, and ethnicity-adjusted and (2) a crude profile (no adjustments). Results: Among overweight 8- to 11-year-old children, 6.5% (95% CI, 3.82 to 10.86) had ≥3 MSRF using the crude profile and 9.51% (95% CI 5.59 to 15.71) using the adjusted profile. Among overweight 12- to 14-year-olds, 43.76% (95% CI, 33.27 to 54.85) had ≥3 MSRF using the crude profile and 26.28% (95% CI, 16.71 to 38.78) using the adjusted profile. Conclusions: A substantial number of overweight 8- to 14-year-olds have ≥3 MSRF, indicating that overweight in early adolescence may put children at risk for adult-onset cardiovascular disease and/or type 2 diabetes well before they become teenagers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-221
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Volume153
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2008

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Body Mass Index
Blood Pressure
Nutrition Surveys
Waist Circumference
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
HDL Cholesterol
Triglycerides
Cardiovascular Diseases
Age Groups
Weights and Measures
Glucose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Relationship between Body Mass Index and Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors among US 8- to 14-Year-Olds, 1999 to 2002. / Messiah, Sarah; Arheart, Kristopher; Luke, Barbara; Lipshultz, Steven E; Miller, Tracie L.

In: Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 153, No. 2, 01.08.2008, p. 215-221.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Messiah, Sarah ; Arheart, Kristopher ; Luke, Barbara ; Lipshultz, Steven E ; Miller, Tracie L. / Relationship between Body Mass Index and Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors among US 8- to 14-Year-Olds, 1999 to 2002. In: Journal of Pediatrics. 2008 ; Vol. 153, No. 2. pp. 215-221.
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