Relationship between aqueous humor protein level and outflow facility in patients with uveitis

J. G. Ladas, F. Yu, R. Loo, J. L. Davis, A. L. Coleman, R. D. Levinson, G. N. Holland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE. To determine whether there is a relationship between the aqueous humor protein level and outflow facility in patients with uveitis. METHODS. Aqueous humor protein levels were determined by laser flare photometry, and outflow facility was determined by Schiotz tonography. RESULTS. Thirty patients with uveitis and 10 control subjects were studied. Outflow facility was lower in patients with uveitis (0.21±0.12 μl/min·mm Hg) than in control subjects (0.33±0.05 μl/min·mm Hg, P<0.001). Patients with uveitis and laser flare photometry results (flare) more than 20 photon units/msec (n=21) had a lower outflow facility (0.17±0.07 μl/min·mm Hg) than patients with uveitis and flare less than 20 photon units/msec (n=9, 0.32±0.14 μl/min·mm Hg, P=0.004). Furthermore, no difference was identified between outflow facility in patients with active uveitis (those who had anterior chamber cells) and flare less than 20 photon units/msec and outflow in control subjects. In patients with uveitis, there was a linear correlation between flare and outflow facility (r=-0.50, P=0.005). There was no relationship between flare measurements and either intraocular pressure or aqueous humor cell levels when scored with a clinical, semiquantitative system. CONCLUSIONS. Outflow facility is significantly reduced in patients with uveitis who have high aqueous humor protein levels. Outflow facility appears to be normal in patients with active uveitis whose flare levels are low, and therefore the association between flare and outflow facility does not appear to be an indirect reflection of elevated anterior chamber cells. It is possible that elevated aqueous humor protein levels contribute to the development of uveitic glaucoma in some individuals by decreasing aqueous humor outflow facility, although a causal relationship cannot be established on the basis of this study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2584-2588
Number of pages5
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume42
Issue number11
StatePublished - Oct 22 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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    Ladas, J. G., Yu, F., Loo, R., Davis, J. L., Coleman, A. L., Levinson, R. D., & Holland, G. N. (2001). Relationship between aqueous humor protein level and outflow facility in patients with uveitis. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 42(11), 2584-2588.