Relations of serotonin function to personality: Current views and a key methodological issue

Charles S Carver, Christopher J. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

133 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies of biological underpinnings of personality suggest that serotonergic functioning relates to certain personality traits. However, how to interpret the findings depends partly on assumptions about how personality is organized. These assumptions are reflected in the assessment devices used and also in how the data are examined. Review of evidence to date appears to link serotonin function to impulsivity and, to some extent, to hostility. The relation of serotonin function to anxiety proneness is far more questionable. Indeed, when such a relation occurs, it often takes a form opposite to the direction argued by theory. It is recommended that research use measures that discriminate adequately among personality qualities reflecting incentive sensitivity, threat sensitivity, and impulsiveness. Indeed, it is highly desirable to examine facets of each of these qualities separately.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume144
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 30 2006

Fingerprint

Personality
Serotonin
Hostility
Impulsive Behavior
Motivation
Anxiety
Equipment and Supplies
Research

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Harm avoidance
  • Impulsivity
  • Personality
  • Serotonin
  • Temperament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Relations of serotonin function to personality : Current views and a key methodological issue. / Carver, Charles S; Miller, Christopher J.

In: Psychiatry Research, Vol. 144, No. 1, 30.09.2006, p. 1-15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{78ad528b7ef4448982e267f456745435,
title = "Relations of serotonin function to personality: Current views and a key methodological issue",
abstract = "Studies of biological underpinnings of personality suggest that serotonergic functioning relates to certain personality traits. However, how to interpret the findings depends partly on assumptions about how personality is organized. These assumptions are reflected in the assessment devices used and also in how the data are examined. Review of evidence to date appears to link serotonin function to impulsivity and, to some extent, to hostility. The relation of serotonin function to anxiety proneness is far more questionable. Indeed, when such a relation occurs, it often takes a form opposite to the direction argued by theory. It is recommended that research use measures that discriminate adequately among personality qualities reflecting incentive sensitivity, threat sensitivity, and impulsiveness. Indeed, it is highly desirable to examine facets of each of these qualities separately.",
keywords = "Anxiety, Harm avoidance, Impulsivity, Personality, Serotonin, Temperament",
author = "Carver, {Charles S} and Miller, {Christopher J.}",
year = "2006",
month = "9",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.psychres.2006.03.013",
language = "English",
volume = "144",
pages = "1--15",
journal = "Psychiatry Research",
issn = "0165-1781",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relations of serotonin function to personality

T2 - Current views and a key methodological issue

AU - Carver, Charles S

AU - Miller, Christopher J.

PY - 2006/9/30

Y1 - 2006/9/30

N2 - Studies of biological underpinnings of personality suggest that serotonergic functioning relates to certain personality traits. However, how to interpret the findings depends partly on assumptions about how personality is organized. These assumptions are reflected in the assessment devices used and also in how the data are examined. Review of evidence to date appears to link serotonin function to impulsivity and, to some extent, to hostility. The relation of serotonin function to anxiety proneness is far more questionable. Indeed, when such a relation occurs, it often takes a form opposite to the direction argued by theory. It is recommended that research use measures that discriminate adequately among personality qualities reflecting incentive sensitivity, threat sensitivity, and impulsiveness. Indeed, it is highly desirable to examine facets of each of these qualities separately.

AB - Studies of biological underpinnings of personality suggest that serotonergic functioning relates to certain personality traits. However, how to interpret the findings depends partly on assumptions about how personality is organized. These assumptions are reflected in the assessment devices used and also in how the data are examined. Review of evidence to date appears to link serotonin function to impulsivity and, to some extent, to hostility. The relation of serotonin function to anxiety proneness is far more questionable. Indeed, when such a relation occurs, it often takes a form opposite to the direction argued by theory. It is recommended that research use measures that discriminate adequately among personality qualities reflecting incentive sensitivity, threat sensitivity, and impulsiveness. Indeed, it is highly desirable to examine facets of each of these qualities separately.

KW - Anxiety

KW - Harm avoidance

KW - Impulsivity

KW - Personality

KW - Serotonin

KW - Temperament

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33748314454&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33748314454&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.psychres.2006.03.013

DO - 10.1016/j.psychres.2006.03.013

M3 - Article

C2 - 16914207

AN - SCOPUS:33748314454

VL - 144

SP - 1

EP - 15

JO - Psychiatry Research

JF - Psychiatry Research

SN - 0165-1781

IS - 1

ER -