Rejuvenation of Senescent Endothelial Progenitor Cells by Extracellular Vesicles Derived From Mesenchymal Stromal Cells

Liyong Wang, Jianqing Wei, Andrea Da Fonseca Ferreira, Huilan Wang, Lukun Zhang, Qianhuan Zhang, Michael A. Bellio, Xian Ming Chu, Aisha Khan, Dushyantha Jayaweera, Joshua M. Hare, Chunming Dong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) transplantation is a form of the stem-cell therapy that has shown beneficial effects for many diseases. The use of stem-cell therapy, including MSC transplantation, however, has limitations such as the tumorigenic potential of stem cells and the lack of efficacy of aged autologous cells. An ideal therapeutic approach would keep the beneficial effects of MSC transplantation while circumventing the limitations associated with the use of intact stem cells. This study provides proof-of-concept evidence that MSC-derived extracellular vesicles represent a promising platform to develop an acellular therapeutic approach that would just do that. Extracellular vesicles are membranous vesicles secreted by MSCs and contain bioactive molecules to mediate communication between different cells. Extracellular vesicles can be taken up by recipient cells, and once inside the recipient cells, the bioactive molecules are released to exert the beneficial effects on the recipient cells. This study, for the first time to our knowledge, shows that extracellular vesicles secreted by MSCs recapitulate the beneficial effects of MSCs on vascular repair and promote blood vessel regeneration after ischemic events. Furthermore, MSCs from aged donors can be engineered to produce extracellular vesicles with improved regenerative potential, comparable to MSCs from young donors, thus eliminating the need for allogenic young donors for elderly patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1127-1141
Number of pages15
JournalJACC: Basic to Translational Science
Volume5
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • acellular
  • angiogenesis
  • extracellular vesicles
  • regeneration
  • senescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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