Rehospitalization of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants

Are there racial/ethnic disparities?

Brenda H. Morris, Charlotte C. Gard, Kathleen Kennedy, Betty Vohr, Dee Wilson-Costello, Jean Steichen, Neal Simon, Barbara Stoll, Anna Dusick, Charles R Bauer, LuAnn A. Papile, Susan Hintz, Henrietta Bada, Sue Broyles, Virginia Delaney-Black, Yvette Johnson, Richard Ehrenkranz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Premature infants are at increased risk for rehospitalization after discharge from the hospital. Racial disparities are known to exist in pediatric health care. Objective: To evaluate whether racial disparities exist in the proportion of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants rehospitalized prior to 18 months corrected age and the causes of rehospitalization. Methods: The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network database was used to identify all ELBW infants (n=2446) who were born between November 1, 1998 and May 31, 2000 at the 14 participating centers and discharged alive (n=1591). Infants were seen at 18 -22 months corrected age for followup. Data related to maternal variables, race, socioeconomic status, medical morbidities, insurance, and rehospitalizations were recorded from the medical record and parent interview. Logistic regression analyses were used to examine the relationship of race/ethnicity and rehospitalization while controlling for gestational age, gender, center, maternal education, family income, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), necrotizing enterocolitis, ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) prophylaxis, and insurance type. Results: In all, 1405 (88%) infants were evaluated at followup. The racial distribution of infants admitted, discharged, seen at followup, and rehospitalized were similar. Rehospitalization occurred at least once in 49% of the infants. In the logistic regression analyses, race was not a significant predictor for rehospitalization. The odds of rehospitalization were related to low family income, type of insurance, BPD, VP shunt, RSV prophylaxis, and center. Conclusion: Race was not a predominant variable in the risk of rehospitalization in this cohort of ELBW infants. Medical morbidities and low family income appear to be the major risk factors for rehospitalization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)656-663
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Perinatology
Volume25
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2005

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Extremely Low Birth Weight Infant
Insurance
Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Respiratory Syncytial Viruses
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U.S.)
Mothers
Morbidity
Necrotizing Enterocolitis
Premature Infants
Social Class
Gestational Age
Medical Records
Databases
Interviews
Pediatrics
Delivery of Health Care
Education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Morris, B. H., Gard, C. C., Kennedy, K., Vohr, B., Wilson-Costello, D., Steichen, J., ... Ehrenkranz, R. (2005). Rehospitalization of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants: Are there racial/ethnic disparities? Journal of Perinatology, 25(10), 656-663. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jp.7211361

Rehospitalization of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants : Are there racial/ethnic disparities? / Morris, Brenda H.; Gard, Charlotte C.; Kennedy, Kathleen; Vohr, Betty; Wilson-Costello, Dee; Steichen, Jean; Simon, Neal; Stoll, Barbara; Dusick, Anna; Bauer, Charles R; Papile, LuAnn A.; Hintz, Susan; Bada, Henrietta; Broyles, Sue; Delaney-Black, Virginia; Johnson, Yvette; Ehrenkranz, Richard.

In: Journal of Perinatology, Vol. 25, No. 10, 01.10.2005, p. 656-663.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Morris, BH, Gard, CC, Kennedy, K, Vohr, B, Wilson-Costello, D, Steichen, J, Simon, N, Stoll, B, Dusick, A, Bauer, CR, Papile, LA, Hintz, S, Bada, H, Broyles, S, Delaney-Black, V, Johnson, Y & Ehrenkranz, R 2005, 'Rehospitalization of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants: Are there racial/ethnic disparities?', Journal of Perinatology, vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 656-663. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jp.7211361
Morris, Brenda H. ; Gard, Charlotte C. ; Kennedy, Kathleen ; Vohr, Betty ; Wilson-Costello, Dee ; Steichen, Jean ; Simon, Neal ; Stoll, Barbara ; Dusick, Anna ; Bauer, Charles R ; Papile, LuAnn A. ; Hintz, Susan ; Bada, Henrietta ; Broyles, Sue ; Delaney-Black, Virginia ; Johnson, Yvette ; Ehrenkranz, Richard. / Rehospitalization of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants : Are there racial/ethnic disparities?. In: Journal of Perinatology. 2005 ; Vol. 25, No. 10. pp. 656-663.
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abstract = "Background: Premature infants are at increased risk for rehospitalization after discharge from the hospital. Racial disparities are known to exist in pediatric health care. Objective: To evaluate whether racial disparities exist in the proportion of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants rehospitalized prior to 18 months corrected age and the causes of rehospitalization. Methods: The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network database was used to identify all ELBW infants (n=2446) who were born between November 1, 1998 and May 31, 2000 at the 14 participating centers and discharged alive (n=1591). Infants were seen at 18 -22 months corrected age for followup. Data related to maternal variables, race, socioeconomic status, medical morbidities, insurance, and rehospitalizations were recorded from the medical record and parent interview. Logistic regression analyses were used to examine the relationship of race/ethnicity and rehospitalization while controlling for gestational age, gender, center, maternal education, family income, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), necrotizing enterocolitis, ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) prophylaxis, and insurance type. Results: In all, 1405 (88{\%}) infants were evaluated at followup. The racial distribution of infants admitted, discharged, seen at followup, and rehospitalized were similar. Rehospitalization occurred at least once in 49{\%} of the infants. In the logistic regression analyses, race was not a significant predictor for rehospitalization. The odds of rehospitalization were related to low family income, type of insurance, BPD, VP shunt, RSV prophylaxis, and center. Conclusion: Race was not a predominant variable in the risk of rehospitalization in this cohort of ELBW infants. Medical morbidities and low family income appear to be the major risk factors for rehospitalization.",
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AU - Morris, Brenda H.

AU - Gard, Charlotte C.

AU - Kennedy, Kathleen

AU - Vohr, Betty

AU - Wilson-Costello, Dee

AU - Steichen, Jean

AU - Simon, Neal

AU - Stoll, Barbara

AU - Dusick, Anna

AU - Bauer, Charles R

AU - Papile, LuAnn A.

AU - Hintz, Susan

AU - Bada, Henrietta

AU - Broyles, Sue

AU - Delaney-Black, Virginia

AU - Johnson, Yvette

AU - Ehrenkranz, Richard

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