Rehabilitation of motor dysfunction in primary brain tumor patients

David Kushner, Christina Amidei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In 2010 it was estimated that .688 000 Americans were living with a primary brain tumor (PBT) corresponding to a U.S. prevalence rate of approximately 221.8 per 100 000 people. Five-year survival is 96.1% in nonmalignant PBTs, 34% in malignant PBTs for all ages, and 71% in children [1985-2005]. Case fatality rates have decreased in the U.S. since the 1970's for nonmalignant PBTs and for medulloblastoma, oligodendroglioma, and astrocytoma. Statistics of increasing survival highlight the importance of rehabilitation interventions to improve function and quality of life in survivors. PBT motor dysfunction is multifactorial, occurring as a result of direct effects of tumor and/or swelling or as a result of treatments; etiologies include encephalopathy, myopathy, neuropathy, infection, poor nutrition, metabolic factors, emotional factors, impaired perception/vision/cognition and complications of immobility. Motor dysfunction may lead to: impaired mobility, impaired activities of daily living, risk for complications of immobility, falls, pain, anxiety/ depression, and loss of functional independence and quality of life. Rehabilitation treatment strategies target specific causes of motor dysfunction to improve functional independence and quality of life. This article reviews current knowledge and controversy regarding the role of rehabilitation for motor disorders in PBT patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbernpv019
Pages (from-to)185-191
Number of pages7
JournalNeuro-Oncology Practice
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 26 2015

Fingerprint

Brain Neoplasms
Rehabilitation
Quality of Life
Oligodendroglioma
Medulloblastoma
Survival
Astrocytoma
Brain Diseases
Muscular Diseases
Activities of Daily Living
Cognition
Survivors
Anxiety
Depression
Pain
Mortality
Therapeutics
Infection
Neoplasms
Motor Disorders

Keywords

  • Brain tumors
  • Motor skills disorders
  • Quality of life
  • Rehabilitation
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Rehabilitation of motor dysfunction in primary brain tumor patients. / Kushner, David; Amidei, Christina.

In: Neuro-Oncology Practice, Vol. 2, No. 4, npv019, 26.02.2015, p. 185-191.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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