Regulatory GTP-binding proteins: Emerging concepts on their role in cell function

Irene Litosch

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The last few years have evidenced a tremendous expansion in our appreciation of the role of regulatory GTP-binding proteins in cellular activation. The availability of cholera and pertussis toxins to detect G proteins as well as methodological advances in the study of cellular function has afforded the opportunity to examine G protein participation in many cellular events. Regulation of adenylyl cyclase and cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase by G proteins has been demonstrated. Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate specific phospholipase C activity appears to be subject to G protein control. G proteins regulate inward K+ and Ca2+ channels through a mechanism which may be independent of effects on the above mentioned enzymes. Certainly, the number of G proteins which have been identified from sequencing of complementary DNA affords the potential for G protein involvement in many cellular events. Only three G proteins have however been isolated and functionally characterized, Gs, Gi and transducin. Whether all the functions of these proteins have been identified remains to be seen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-258
Number of pages8
JournalLife Sciences
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 20 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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