Regulatory effects of curcumin on lipid accumulation in monocytes/macrophages

Jean Marc Zingg, Syeda T. Hasan, Danica Cowan, Roberta Ricciarelli, Angelo Azzi, Mohsen Meydani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent evidence suggests potential benefits from phytochemicals and micronutrients in protecting against atherosclerosis and inflammation, but the molecular mechanisms of these actions are still unclear. Here, we investigated whether the dietary polyphenol curcumin can modulate the accumulation of lipids in monocytes/macrophages. Curcumin increased the expression of two lipid transport genes, the fatty acids transporter CD36/FAT and the fatty acids binding protein 4 (FABP4/aP2; P P<0.05), leading to increased lipid levels in THP-1 and RAW264.7 monocytes and macrophages (P<0.05). To investigate the molecular mechanisms involved, we assessed the activity of Forkhead box O3a (FOXO3a), a transcription factor centrally involved in regulating several stress resistance and lipid transport genes. Curcumin increased FOXO3a-mediated gene expression by twofold (P P<0.05), possibly as a result of influencing FOXO3a phosphorylation and nuclear translocation. The curcumin derivative, tetrahydrocurcumin (THC), with similar chemical antioxidant activity as curcumin, did not show any measurable effects. In contrast to the in vitro results, curcumin showed a trend for reduction of lipid levels in peritoneal macrophages in LDL receptor knockout mice fed a high fat diet for 4 months, suggesting additional regulatory mechanisms in vivo. Thus, the up-regulation of FOXO3a activity by curcumin could be a mechanism to protect against oxidant- and lipid-induced damage in the inflammatory cells of the vascular system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)833-840
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of cellular biochemistry
Volume113
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Curcumin
  • Foxo3a
  • Lipids
  • Macrophages
  • Monocytes
  • Tetrahydrocurcumin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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