Targeting chemotherapy selectively to cancers can reduce the toxic side effects. AN-152, a conjugate of doxorubicin and [D-Lys6]-luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH), is more potent against LH-RH receptor-bearing cancers and produces less peripheral toxicity than doxorubicin. Many cancers, e.g., 50% of breast cancers, but few normal tissues express these receptors, providing a selective target for this cytotoxic conjugate. In this study, the effectiveness of AN-152 was heightened by receptor up-regulation. The cytotoxic effect of AN-152 can be regulated by the number of active LH-RH receptors on cancer cells. LH-RH receptor-positive (MCF-7) and -negative (UCI-107) cancer cells were treated with epidermal growth factor (EGF) or the somatostatin analogue, RC-160. EGF and RC-160 have been shown previously to regulate LH-RH receptors through phosphorylation. The effect of receptor regulation, by hormone exposure, on the cytotoxicity of AN-152 and doxorubicin and on the cellular uptake of AN-152, [D-Lys6]LH-RH, or doxorubicin was assessed by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay and by two-photon laser scanning microscopy. The results demonstrated that the cellular entry of the conjugate was: (a) specific for cancers with LH-RH receptors; (b) up-regulated by EGF; (c) down-regulated by RC-160; and (d) the cytotoxicity of the AN-152 paralleled the efficiency of entry. This study illustrates the potential use of receptor regulation for increasing the efficacy of chemotherapeutic approaches that are directed to cell surface receptors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research