Regulation of hapten-specific memory IgE responses induced in vitro: Requirement for both Thy-1+ AsGM1+ and Thy-1+ AsGM1- cells and for IFN- α and IL-4

C. A. Herrick, J. A. Carucci, G. I. Kleiner, H. G. Durkin

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10 Scopus citations


The roles of Thy-1+ and AsGM1+ spleen cells and cytokines (IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IFN-α, and IFN-γ) in regulation of hapten-specific memory IgE antibody-forming cell (AFC) responses induced in vitro were examined. BALB/c mice, injected i.p. with benzylpenicilloyl-keyhole limpet hemocyanin (BPO- KLH) (10 μg) on days 0 and 21, were killed on day 60 or day 120. Numbers of BPO-specific IgGI, IgE, and IgA AFC in spleen were determined by enzyme- linked immunosorbent spot assay after 0 to 6 days of culture ± BPO-KLH. BPO- specific AFC of all isotypes were detected in spleen on day 60, but not on day 120. Day 60 AFC responses did not persist in culture in that no AFC were detected by day 2 of culture ± BPO-KLH. When either day 60 or day 120 cells were cultured for 3 days with BPO-KLH, BPO-specific AFC responses were induced, and peaked on day 5, with similar numbers of AFC of each isotype induced with day 60 and day 120 cells. On day 60, spleen contained two subsets of Thy-1- cells: AsGM1- (~32% of total cells) and AsGM1+ (~4%). Depletion and reconstitution experiments established that both subsets were required for induction of BPO-specific IgE AFC responses. Cytokines could not substitute for the Thy-1+-depleted cells. However, when unfractionated day 60 cells were cultured with cytokines or anti-cytokine antibodies, BPO- specific IgE AFC responses induced were both IFN-α and IL-4 dependent; either increased or decreased by IFN-γ, depending on its concentration, and unaffected by IL-5 or IL-6.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3440-3449
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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