Regulation of Corticotropin‐Releasing Factor Secretion and Synthesis in the Human Neuroblastoma Clones‐ BE(2)‐M17 and BE(2)‐C

John W. Kasckow, Jin‐Hee ‐H Han, David G. Parkes, Jeffrey J. Mulchahey, Michael J. Owens, Emile D. Risby, Jennifer Fisher, Charles B. Nemeroff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


The BE(2)-M17 and BE(2)-C human neuroblastoma cell lines have been shown to synthesize and secrete corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) following retinoic acid treatment. It has been demonstrated that CRF secretion and intracellular synthesis increases in response to forskolin treatment. In this report, we have further characterized these cells in response to protein kinase C activators, dexamethasone, interleukin-1α, as well as various neurotransmitters and peptides. Nanomolar concentrations of the phorbol ester-phorbol 12 myristate 13-acetate (TPA), increased intracellular CRF content in both cell lines while increasing secretion only in the BE(2)-M17 cell. Nanomolar concentrations of dexamethasone were not able to alter basal levels of secretion and content in either cell type. However, in the BE(2)-M17 cell but not the BE(2)-C cell, the same concentrations of dexamethasone added to 30 μM forskolin augmented levels of CRF secretion and content. Likewise, the same augmented response in CRF secretion and content was seen only in the BE(2)-M17 cell line when nanomolar concentrations of dexamethasone were added to 20 nM TPA. Furthermore, only in the BE(2)-M17 cell line were micromolar levels of the biogenic amine serotonin able to increase levels of CRF secretion and content. No effects on CRF in both cell lines were demonstrable with picomolar levels of interleukin-1α as well as micromolar levels of acetylcholine, norepinephrine, arginine-vasopressin, oxytocin, and angiotensin-II. The potential usefulness of these cells as models of central nervous system or placental CRF-containing neurons is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)461-466
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neuroendocrinology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1995
Externally publishedYes


  • Corticotropin-releasing factor
  • Dexamethasone
  • Forskolin
  • Phorbol esters
  • Radioimmunoassay
  • Secretion
  • Synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Neuroscience(all)


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