Regulation of σ receptors and responsiveness to guanine nucleotides following repeated exposure of rats to haloperidol: further evidence for multiple σ binding sites

Yossef Itzhak, Ira Stein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

The σ binding sites are postulated to be involved in various central nervous system (CNS) disorders. The neuroleptic drug, haloperidol, displays high affinity for these receptor sites in the CNS. In the present study the effect of repeated exposure of rats to haloperidol (4 mg/kg/day for 14 days) on σ binding sites labeled with (+)-3-(3-hydroxyphenyl-N-1-(propyl)piperidine ((+)-3-PPP) and 1,3-di-o-tolyl-gun (DTG) was investigated. In addition, the regulatory effect of guanine nucleotides on the binding of these two ligands to brain membranes derived from saline and haloperidol-treated rats was examined. Repeated administration of haloperidol induced down-regulation of (+)[3H]-3-PPP binding sites (75% decrease in the number of binding sites compared to control) which persisted for at least 7 days after termination of the haloperidol-treatment. The down-regulation of (+)-3-PPP binding sites was accompanied by reduced responsiveness to guanine nucleotides (i.e. 5-guanylylimidodiphosphate (Gpp(NH)p) compared to the sensitivity of (+)-3-PPP binding sites to the nucleotides tested in control membranes. However, at the 28th day after termination of the haloperidol-treatment, a complete recovery in the total number of (+)[3H]-3-PPP binding sites was observed, and the sensitivity to guanine nucleotide was regained. These findings suggest a marked plasticity in (+)-3-PPP/σ receptor binding activity. In contrast, [3H]DTG binding sites expressed neither sensitivity to the repeated exposure to haloperidol nor to guanine nucleotides, suggesting a distinction between DTG and (+)-3-PPP binding sites in rat brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)166-172
Number of pages7
JournalBrain Research
Volume566
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 6 1991

Keywords

  • (+)-3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)-N-1-(propyl)piperidine
  • 1,3-Di-o-tolyl-guanidine
  • Guanine nucleotide
  • Haloperidol
  • Receptor down-regulation
  • σ Receptor subtype

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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