Regeneration of adult rat sensory axons into intraspinal nerve grafts: Promoting effects of conditioning lesion and graft predegeneration

Martin Oudega, S. Varon, T. Hagg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

92 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of intraspinally implanted predegenerated peripheral nerve grafts and/or conditioning lesions on the regenerative capacity of central ascending sensory axons was investigated in the adult rat. Regenerating sensory fibers were analyzed after their transganglionic labeling with cholera toxin B subunit, usually 1 month after implantation. A conditioning lesion (transection of the tibial and peroneal nerve) caused a fivefold increase in the number of sensory fibers within the fresh graft when applied on the day of grafting and a sevenfold increase when applied 1 week before. In the latter case, a small portion of the fibers (10%) had reached the rostral end of the nerve graft. In the absence of a conditioning lesion, the number of fibers regenerating into a predegenerated nerve graft (collected from the distal part of the peroneal nerve that had been axotomized 1 week earlier) was similar to that found in a fresh graft. However, predegenerated grafts received three and five times more fibers than a fresh graft when conditioning lesions were applied on or 1 week before the day of grafting. With the combination of a predegenerated graft and a 1-week conditioning, most (> 90%) of the regenerating fibers had reached the rostral graft-host border. In animals with a fresh graft, a portion of the axotomized fibers formed terminal club-like structures. Much fewer fibers displayed such clubs in animals with a predegenerated graft or a conditioning lesion, suggesting a preventive action of either treatment. A time-course study with the combined treatments showed that regenerating sensory fibers had already entered the graft after 3 days. Between 1 and 2 weeks, a maximum number of fibers had reached the rostral end of the nerve graft. However, after 2 months, the,number of fibers was decreased, i.e., the initial advantage of predegeneration had diminished. The current results demonstrate the necessity of a conditioning lesion for successful regeneration of central sensory fibers, possibly resulting from an earlier induction of the neuronal growth response which allows the axon to enter the graft before the formation of a graft-host barrier. The predegeneration of the nerve graft augments the growth response of the axotomized central sensory fibers, probably by providing a more supportive terrain and/or enhancement of the neuronal response. The presence of a large number of fibers at the rostral graft-host border now provides the opportunity to investigate the effects of neurotrophic factors on the regenerative capacity of the ascending rat sensory fibers into the denervated spinal cord in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)194-206
Number of pages13
JournalExperimental Neurology
Volume129
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

Fingerprint

Axons
Regeneration
Transplants
Peroneal Nerve
Tibial Nerve
Cholera Toxin
Nerve Growth Factors
Growth
Peripheral Nerves
Spinal Cord

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neurology

Cite this

Regeneration of adult rat sensory axons into intraspinal nerve grafts : Promoting effects of conditioning lesion and graft predegeneration. / Oudega, Martin; Varon, S.; Hagg, T.

In: Experimental Neurology, Vol. 129, No. 2, 1994, p. 194-206.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9bbda04d12504edeb3309f4030c48d8a,
title = "Regeneration of adult rat sensory axons into intraspinal nerve grafts: Promoting effects of conditioning lesion and graft predegeneration",
abstract = "The effect of intraspinally implanted predegenerated peripheral nerve grafts and/or conditioning lesions on the regenerative capacity of central ascending sensory axons was investigated in the adult rat. Regenerating sensory fibers were analyzed after their transganglionic labeling with cholera toxin B subunit, usually 1 month after implantation. A conditioning lesion (transection of the tibial and peroneal nerve) caused a fivefold increase in the number of sensory fibers within the fresh graft when applied on the day of grafting and a sevenfold increase when applied 1 week before. In the latter case, a small portion of the fibers (10{\%}) had reached the rostral end of the nerve graft. In the absence of a conditioning lesion, the number of fibers regenerating into a predegenerated nerve graft (collected from the distal part of the peroneal nerve that had been axotomized 1 week earlier) was similar to that found in a fresh graft. However, predegenerated grafts received three and five times more fibers than a fresh graft when conditioning lesions were applied on or 1 week before the day of grafting. With the combination of a predegenerated graft and a 1-week conditioning, most (> 90{\%}) of the regenerating fibers had reached the rostral graft-host border. In animals with a fresh graft, a portion of the axotomized fibers formed terminal club-like structures. Much fewer fibers displayed such clubs in animals with a predegenerated graft or a conditioning lesion, suggesting a preventive action of either treatment. A time-course study with the combined treatments showed that regenerating sensory fibers had already entered the graft after 3 days. Between 1 and 2 weeks, a maximum number of fibers had reached the rostral end of the nerve graft. However, after 2 months, the,number of fibers was decreased, i.e., the initial advantage of predegeneration had diminished. The current results demonstrate the necessity of a conditioning lesion for successful regeneration of central sensory fibers, possibly resulting from an earlier induction of the neuronal growth response which allows the axon to enter the graft before the formation of a graft-host barrier. The predegeneration of the nerve graft augments the growth response of the axotomized central sensory fibers, probably by providing a more supportive terrain and/or enhancement of the neuronal response. The presence of a large number of fibers at the rostral graft-host border now provides the opportunity to investigate the effects of neurotrophic factors on the regenerative capacity of the ascending rat sensory fibers into the denervated spinal cord in vivo.",
author = "Martin Oudega and S. Varon and T. Hagg",
year = "1994",
doi = "10.1006/exnr.1994.1161",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "129",
pages = "194--206",
journal = "Experimental Neurology",
issn = "0014-4886",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Regeneration of adult rat sensory axons into intraspinal nerve grafts

T2 - Promoting effects of conditioning lesion and graft predegeneration

AU - Oudega, Martin

AU - Varon, S.

AU - Hagg, T.

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - The effect of intraspinally implanted predegenerated peripheral nerve grafts and/or conditioning lesions on the regenerative capacity of central ascending sensory axons was investigated in the adult rat. Regenerating sensory fibers were analyzed after their transganglionic labeling with cholera toxin B subunit, usually 1 month after implantation. A conditioning lesion (transection of the tibial and peroneal nerve) caused a fivefold increase in the number of sensory fibers within the fresh graft when applied on the day of grafting and a sevenfold increase when applied 1 week before. In the latter case, a small portion of the fibers (10%) had reached the rostral end of the nerve graft. In the absence of a conditioning lesion, the number of fibers regenerating into a predegenerated nerve graft (collected from the distal part of the peroneal nerve that had been axotomized 1 week earlier) was similar to that found in a fresh graft. However, predegenerated grafts received three and five times more fibers than a fresh graft when conditioning lesions were applied on or 1 week before the day of grafting. With the combination of a predegenerated graft and a 1-week conditioning, most (> 90%) of the regenerating fibers had reached the rostral graft-host border. In animals with a fresh graft, a portion of the axotomized fibers formed terminal club-like structures. Much fewer fibers displayed such clubs in animals with a predegenerated graft or a conditioning lesion, suggesting a preventive action of either treatment. A time-course study with the combined treatments showed that regenerating sensory fibers had already entered the graft after 3 days. Between 1 and 2 weeks, a maximum number of fibers had reached the rostral end of the nerve graft. However, after 2 months, the,number of fibers was decreased, i.e., the initial advantage of predegeneration had diminished. The current results demonstrate the necessity of a conditioning lesion for successful regeneration of central sensory fibers, possibly resulting from an earlier induction of the neuronal growth response which allows the axon to enter the graft before the formation of a graft-host barrier. The predegeneration of the nerve graft augments the growth response of the axotomized central sensory fibers, probably by providing a more supportive terrain and/or enhancement of the neuronal response. The presence of a large number of fibers at the rostral graft-host border now provides the opportunity to investigate the effects of neurotrophic factors on the regenerative capacity of the ascending rat sensory fibers into the denervated spinal cord in vivo.

AB - The effect of intraspinally implanted predegenerated peripheral nerve grafts and/or conditioning lesions on the regenerative capacity of central ascending sensory axons was investigated in the adult rat. Regenerating sensory fibers were analyzed after their transganglionic labeling with cholera toxin B subunit, usually 1 month after implantation. A conditioning lesion (transection of the tibial and peroneal nerve) caused a fivefold increase in the number of sensory fibers within the fresh graft when applied on the day of grafting and a sevenfold increase when applied 1 week before. In the latter case, a small portion of the fibers (10%) had reached the rostral end of the nerve graft. In the absence of a conditioning lesion, the number of fibers regenerating into a predegenerated nerve graft (collected from the distal part of the peroneal nerve that had been axotomized 1 week earlier) was similar to that found in a fresh graft. However, predegenerated grafts received three and five times more fibers than a fresh graft when conditioning lesions were applied on or 1 week before the day of grafting. With the combination of a predegenerated graft and a 1-week conditioning, most (> 90%) of the regenerating fibers had reached the rostral graft-host border. In animals with a fresh graft, a portion of the axotomized fibers formed terminal club-like structures. Much fewer fibers displayed such clubs in animals with a predegenerated graft or a conditioning lesion, suggesting a preventive action of either treatment. A time-course study with the combined treatments showed that regenerating sensory fibers had already entered the graft after 3 days. Between 1 and 2 weeks, a maximum number of fibers had reached the rostral end of the nerve graft. However, after 2 months, the,number of fibers was decreased, i.e., the initial advantage of predegeneration had diminished. The current results demonstrate the necessity of a conditioning lesion for successful regeneration of central sensory fibers, possibly resulting from an earlier induction of the neuronal growth response which allows the axon to enter the graft before the formation of a graft-host barrier. The predegeneration of the nerve graft augments the growth response of the axotomized central sensory fibers, probably by providing a more supportive terrain and/or enhancement of the neuronal response. The presence of a large number of fibers at the rostral graft-host border now provides the opportunity to investigate the effects of neurotrophic factors on the regenerative capacity of the ascending rat sensory fibers into the denervated spinal cord in vivo.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028171971&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028171971&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1006/exnr.1994.1161

DO - 10.1006/exnr.1994.1161

M3 - Article

C2 - 7957734

AN - SCOPUS:0028171971

VL - 129

SP - 194

EP - 206

JO - Experimental Neurology

JF - Experimental Neurology

SN - 0014-4886

IS - 2

ER -