Refined gypsum effective attenuation coefficients for Co-60, 6 MV, 10 MV and 18 MV x-rays

Glenn P. Glasgow, Nesrin Dogan, Anil Sethi, Jerry Stanton

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

We report new effective linear attenuation coefficients (μeff) for refined gypsum for Co-60 and 18 MV x-rays. 6 MV and 10 MV μeff agree with published data. For a 100 cm2 field size (FS), tissue defect χ = 1.35 cm, target depth d = 1.65 cm beneath the tissue defect χ, μeff is 0.123 cm-1 (Co-60) and 0.0934 cm-1 (6 MV). For 100 cm2, χ = 1.35 cm, and d = 5.65 cm beneath χ, μeff is 0.072 cm-1 (10 MV), and 0.0614 cm-1 (18 MV). For d, μeff decreases about 10% from 25 to 400 cm2. For a given FS, μeff decreases with d by 3%-5% for Co-60, and 3% for 6 MV, 10 MV and 18 MV, but depends on (d - χ). For d, when χ is large (8 cm), depending on energy and FS, μeff is 2%-4% less than when χ is small (2 cm). These data were used in a treatment-planning computer to design compensator filters for a step phantom. Compensation was to within 10% in the compensation plane (CP). Above and below CP, computer-calculated ratios of doses with and without filters were 0.75-1.13. Chamber dose ratios with and without filters were 0.75-1.12.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-71
Number of pages9
JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 7 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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