Refined gypsum effective attenuation coefficients for Co-60, 6 MV, 10 MV and 18 MV x-rays

Glenn P. Glasgow, Nesrin Dogan, Anil Sethi, Jerry Stanton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report new effective linear attenuation coefficients (μ eff) for refined gypsum for Co-60 and 18 MV x-rays. 6 MV and 10 MV μ eff agree with published data. For a 100 cm 2 field size (FS), tissue defect χ = 1.35 cm, target depth d = 1.65 cm beneath the tissue defect χ, μ eff is 0.123 cm -1 (Co-60) and 0.0934 cm -1 (6 MV). For 100 cm 2, χ = 1.35 cm, and d = 5.65 cm beneath χ, μ eff is 0.072 cm -1 (10 MV), and 0.0614 cm -1 (18 MV). For d, μ eff decreases about 10% from 25 to 400 cm 2. For a given FS, μ eff decreases with d by 3%-5% for Co-60, and 3% for 6 MV, 10 MV and 18 MV, but depends on (d - χ). For d, when χ is large (8 cm), depending on energy and FS, μ eff is 2%-4% less than when χ is small (2 cm). These data were used in a treatment-planning computer to design compensator filters for a step phantom. Compensation was to within 10% in the compensation plane (CP). Above and below CP, computer-calculated ratios of doses with and without filters were 0.75-1.13. Chamber dose ratios with and without filters were 0.75-1.12.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-71
Number of pages9
JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 7 2003
Externally publishedYes

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Calcium Sulfate
gypsum
Gypsum
attenuation coefficients
X-Rays
filters
X rays
Tissue
dosage
Defects
x rays
defects
compensators
planning
chambers
Planning
Compensation and Redress
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Cite this

Refined gypsum effective attenuation coefficients for Co-60, 6 MV, 10 MV and 18 MV x-rays. / Glasgow, Glenn P.; Dogan, Nesrin; Sethi, Anil; Stanton, Jerry.

In: Physics in Medicine and Biology, Vol. 48, No. 1, 07.01.2003, p. 63-71.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glasgow, Glenn P. ; Dogan, Nesrin ; Sethi, Anil ; Stanton, Jerry. / Refined gypsum effective attenuation coefficients for Co-60, 6 MV, 10 MV and 18 MV x-rays. In: Physics in Medicine and Biology. 2003 ; Vol. 48, No. 1. pp. 63-71.
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