Reference fitness values in the untrained spinal cord injury population

Okeefe L. Simmons, Jochen Kressler, Mark S Nash

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Objective: Establish reference values of cardiorespiratory fitness applicable to the general, untrained spinal cord injury (SCI) population. Design: Data were retroactively obtained from 12 studies (May 2004 to May 2012). Setting: An institution-affiliated applied physiology research laboratory. Participants: A total of 153 men and 26 women (age, 18e55y) with chronic SCI (N=179) were included. Participants were not involved in training activities for 1 or more months before testing and were able to complete a progressive resistance exercise test to determine peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak). Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measure: Percentile ranking (poor-1·min-1; range, 1.4e35.2mL·kg-1·min-1; tetraplegic: median, 8.8mL·kg-1·min-1; range, 1.5e21.5mL·kg-1·min-1) for untrained men and women. For the primary outcome measure (VO2peak), persons with paraplegia had significantly higher values than did persons with tetraplegia (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2272-2278
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2014


  • Aerobic exercise
  • Paraplegia
  • Rehabilitation
  • Tetraplegia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Medicine(all)

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