Reductive dechlorination of 3,3′,4,4′-tetrachlorobiphenyl (PCB77) using palladium or palladium/iron nanoparticles and assessment of the reduction in toxic potency in vascular endothelial cells

Karthik Venkatachalam, Xabier Arzuaga, Nitin Chopra, Vasilis G. Gavalas, Jian Xu, Dibakar Bhattacharyya, Bernhard Hennig, Leonidas G Bachas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Palladium-based nanoparticles immobilized in polymeric matrices were applied to the reductive dechlorination of 3,3′,4,4′-tetrachlorobiphenyl (PCB77) at room temperature. Two different dechlorination platforms were evaluated using (1) Pd nanoparticles within conductive polypyrrole films; or (2) immobilized Fe/Pd nanoparticles within polyvinylidene fluoride microfiltration membranes. For the first approach, the polypyrrole film was electrochemically formed in the presence of perchlorate ions that were incorporated into the film to counter-balance the positive charges of the polypyrrole chain. The film was then incubated in a solution containing tetrachloropalladate ions, which were exchanged with the perchlorate ions within the film. During this exchange, reduction of tetrachloropalladate by polypyrrole occurred, which led to the formation of palladium nanoparticles within the film. For the second approach, the membrane-supported Fe/Pd nanoparticles were prepared in three steps: polymerization of acrylic acid in polyvinylidene fluoride microfiltration membrane pores was followed by ion exchange of Fe2+, and then chemical reduction of the ferrous ions bound to the carboxylate groups. The membrane-supported iron nanoparticles were then soaked in a solution of tetrachloropalladate resulting in the deposition of Pd on the Fe surface. The nanoparticles prepared by both approaches were employed in the dechlorination of PCB77. The presence of hydrogen was required when the monometallic Pd nanoparticles were employed. The results indicate the removal of chlorine atoms from PCB77, which led to the formation of lower chlorinated intermediates and ultimately biphenyl. Toxicity associated with vascular dysfunction by PCB77 and biphenyl was compared using cultured endothelial cells. The data strongly suggest that the dechlorination system used in this study markedly reduced the proinflammatory activity of PCB77, a persistent organic pollutant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-491
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume159
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 30 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dechlorination
Poisons
Endothelial cells
palladium
Palladium
dechlorination
Nanoparticles
Iron
Endothelial Cells
Polypyrroles
membrane
Membranes
perchlorate
ion
Microfiltration
Ions
fluoride
Ion exchange
nanoparticle
iron nanoparticle

Keywords

  • Cytotoxicity
  • Palladium nanoparticles
  • Palladium/iron nanoparticles
  • Polychlorinated biphenyls
  • Remediation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

Reductive dechlorination of 3,3′,4,4′-tetrachlorobiphenyl (PCB77) using palladium or palladium/iron nanoparticles and assessment of the reduction in toxic potency in vascular endothelial cells. / Venkatachalam, Karthik; Arzuaga, Xabier; Chopra, Nitin; Gavalas, Vasilis G.; Xu, Jian; Bhattacharyya, Dibakar; Hennig, Bernhard; Bachas, Leonidas G.

In: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 159, No. 2-3, 30.11.2008, p. 483-491.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Venkatachalam, Karthik ; Arzuaga, Xabier ; Chopra, Nitin ; Gavalas, Vasilis G. ; Xu, Jian ; Bhattacharyya, Dibakar ; Hennig, Bernhard ; Bachas, Leonidas G. / Reductive dechlorination of 3,3′,4,4′-tetrachlorobiphenyl (PCB77) using palladium or palladium/iron nanoparticles and assessment of the reduction in toxic potency in vascular endothelial cells. In: Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2008 ; Vol. 159, No. 2-3. pp. 483-491.
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AU - Chopra, Nitin

AU - Gavalas, Vasilis G.

AU - Xu, Jian

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