Nitric oxide generation by L-arginine (2 mg/kg/min) infusion during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) increases blood flow to all organs and reduces cytokine induced organ damage by reducing the level of marginating neutrophils (Ns). The N-trapping in the oxygenator (OX), arterial filter (AF), cardiotomy reservoir (CR), and N-margination were quantified with indium 111 labeled autologous neutrophils (INN) in nine groups of 40 Yorkshire pigs (30-35 kg). Cardiopulmonary bypass (180 min or 90 min CPB, 90 min reperfusion) was carried out at 2.5-3.5 L/min and at two temperatures (18°C, 28°C). The INN (650-780 μCi) was administered intravenously 15 mins before CPB. All pigs received heparin systemically (activated coagulation time > 400 secs); CPB was instituted with a roller pump, OX (Univox 1.8 m2), AF (0.25 m2), and CR (BCR-3500, Bentley Lab, Irvine, CA). The INN distribution in the device (OX, AF, CR) and organs was imaged with a gamma camera and measured with an ion chamber and a gamma counter. The LA infusion decreased N-trapping, estimated as the percent of injected INN (mean ± standard deviation), in OX from control (2.7 ± 2.02)% to (0.94 ± 0.29)%, and margination in lung from control (48 ± 4)% to minimal levels (23 ± 2)% (p < 0.01). In the CPB reperfusion group, a beneficial effect was observed at LA low dose and toxicity of higher N-margination at 15 mg/kg/min. Neither CPB temperature nor Leumedin affected N-margination significantly.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering