Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a hematologic malignancy with a peak incidence over the age of 55 years. AML of older patients is less curable with conventional chemotherapy, and, when it relapses, is almost uniformly fatal. Novel treatments hold the promise of improving the results of therapy, but have failed so far to show dramatic change in the prognosis. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation using traditional myeloablative preparative regimens is not easily tolerated by the elderly and/or frailer patient, and may lead to prohibitive treatment-related mortality rates. Most patients treated in the past were younger and devoid of comorbid clinical conditions. Novel reduced-intensity regimens made allogeneic transplants applicable to the elderly, providing the benefit of the graft-versus-leukemia effect to a larger number of patients in need. Here we review the indications for allogeneic transplants in AML and discuss reduced-intensity conditioning regimens.
- Acute myeloid leukemia
- Altogeneic stem cell transplantation
- Reduted-intensity conditioning
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research