Redefining Palliative Care—A New Consensus-Based Definition

Lukas Radbruch, Liliana De Lima, Felicia Knaul, Roberto Wenk, Zipporah Ali, Sushma Bhatnaghar, Charmaine Blanchard, Eduardo Bruera, Rosa Buitrago, Claudia Burla, Mary Callaway, Esther Cege Munyoro, Carlos Centeno, Jim Cleary, Stephen Connor, Odontuya Davaasuren, Julia Downing, Kathleen Foley, Cynthia Goh, Wendy Gomez-GarciaRichard Harding, Quach T. Khan, Phillippe Larkin, Mhoira Leng, Emmanuel Luyirika, Joan Marston, Sebastien Moine, Hibah Osman, Katherine Pettus, Christina Puchalski, M. R. Rajagopal, Dingle Spence, Odette Spruijt, Chitra Venkateswaran, Bee Wee, Roger Woodruff, Jinsun Yong, Tania Pastrana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations


Context: The International Association for Hospice and Palliative Care developed a consensus-based definition of palliative care (PC) that focuses on the relief of serious health-related suffering, a concept put forward by the Lancet Commission Global Access to Palliative Care and Pain Relief. Objective: The main objective of this article is to present the research behind the new definition. Methods: The three-phased consensus process involved health care workers from countries in all income levels. In Phase 1, 38 PC experts evaluated the components of the World Health Organization definition and suggested new/revised ones. In Phase 2, 412 International Association for Hospice and Palliative Care members in 88 countries expressed their level of agreement with the suggested components. In Phase 3, using results from Phase 2, the expert panel developed the definition. Results: The consensus-based definition is as follows: Palliative care is the active holistic care of individuals across all ages with serious health-related suffering due to severe illness and especially of those near the end of life. It aims to improve the quality of life of patients, their families and their caregivers. The definition includes a number of bullet points with additional details as well as recommendations for governments to reduce barriers to PC. Conclusion: Participants had significantly different perceptions and interpretations of PC. The greatest challenge faced by the core group was trying to find a middle ground between those who think that PC is the relief of all suffering and those who believe that PC describes the care of those with a very limited remaining life span.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)754-764
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Pain and Symptom Management
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2020


  • Definition of palliative care
  • Delphi method
  • consensus
  • low or middle income countries
  • quality of life
  • relief of suffering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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