Recurrent Hypoglycemia Exacerbates Cerebral Ischemic Damage in Diabetic Rats via Enhanced Post-Ischemic Mitochondrial Dysfunction

Vibha Shukla, Perry Fuchs, Allen Liu, Charles H. Cohan, Chuanhui Dong, Clinton B Wright, Miguel Perez-Pinzon, Kunjan R Dave

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Diabetes significantly increases the risk of stroke and post-stroke mortality. Recurrent hypoglycemia (RH) is common among diabetes patients owing to glucose-lowering therapies. Earlier, we showed that RH in a rat model of insulin-dependent diabetes exacerbates cerebral ischemic damage. Impaired mitochondrial function has been implicated as a central player in the development of cerebral ischemic damage. Hypoglycemia is also known to affect mitochondrial functioning. The present study tested the hypothesis that prior exposure of insulin-treated diabetic (ITD) rats to RH exacerbates brain damage via enhanced post-ischemic mitochondrial dysfunction. In a rat model of streptozotocin-induced diabetes, we evaluated post-ischemic mitochondrial function in RH-exposed ITD rats. Rats were exposed to five episodes of moderate hypoglycemia prior to the induction of cerebral ischemia. We also evaluated the impact of RH, both alone and in combination with cerebral ischemia, on cognitive function using the Barnes circular platform maze test. We observed that RH exposure to ITD rats leads to increased cerebral ischemic damage and decreased mitochondrial complex I activity. Exposure of ITD rats to RH impaired spatial learning and memory. Our results demonstrate that RH exposure to ITD rats potentially increases post-ischemic damage via enhanced post-ischemic mitochondrial dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalTranslational Stroke Research
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Mar 22 2018

Keywords

  • Barnes maze test
  • Hippocampus
  • Ischemic damage
  • Mitochondria
  • Open field
  • Type 1 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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