Recruitment of MLL by HMG-domain protein iBRAF promotes neural differentiation

Christopher Wynder, Mohamed Ali Hakimi, Jonathan A. Epstein, Ali Shilatifard, Ramin Shiekhattar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Differentiation of progenitor cells into post-mitotic neurons requires the engagement of mechanisms by which the repressive effects of the neuronal silencer, RE-1 silencing transcription factor (REST), can be overcome1,2. Previously, we described a high-mobility group (HMG)-containing protein, BRAF35, which is a component of a co-repressor complex that is required for the repression of REST-responsive genes. Here, we show that the BRAF35 family member inhibitor of BRAF35 (iBRAF) activates REST-responsive genes through the modulation of histone methylation. In contrast to BRAF35, iBRAF expression leads to the abrogation of REST-mediated transcriptional repression and the resultant activation of neuronal-specific genes. Analysis of P19 cells during neuronal differentiation revealed an increased concentration of iBRAF at the promoter of neuronal-specific genes coincident with augmented expression of synapsin, recruitment of the methyltransferase MLL and enhanced trimethylation of histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4). Importantly, ectopic expression of iBRAF is sufficient to induce neuronal differentiation through recruitment of MLL, resulting in increased histone H3K4 trimethylation and activation of neuronal-specific genes. Moreover, depletion of iBRAF abrogates recruitment of MLL and enhancement of histone H3K4 trimethylation. Together, these results indicate that the HMG-domain protein iBRAF has a key role in the initiation of neuronal differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1113-1117
Number of pages5
JournalNature Cell Biology
Volume7
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2005
Externally publishedYes

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High Mobility Group Proteins
Histones
Transcription Factors
Genes
Synapsins
Co-Repressor Proteins
Methyltransferases
Methylation
Lysine
Stem Cells
Neurons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Recruitment of MLL by HMG-domain protein iBRAF promotes neural differentiation. / Wynder, Christopher; Hakimi, Mohamed Ali; Epstein, Jonathan A.; Shilatifard, Ali; Shiekhattar, Ramin.

In: Nature Cell Biology, Vol. 7, No. 11, 11.2005, p. 1113-1117.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wynder, Christopher ; Hakimi, Mohamed Ali ; Epstein, Jonathan A. ; Shilatifard, Ali ; Shiekhattar, Ramin. / Recruitment of MLL by HMG-domain protein iBRAF promotes neural differentiation. In: Nature Cell Biology. 2005 ; Vol. 7, No. 11. pp. 1113-1117.
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