Recreational Environment

Pathogenic Fungi in Public Places, Information Gaps in Assessing Public Health Risk

Helena M Solo-Gabriele, João Brandão, Bari Gordon, Alesia Ferguson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sediment and sands are reservoirs for many fungal pathogens. Given the burden of fungal illness worldwide, efforts are needed to document risks associated with sediment and sand contact. Areas of particular concern include public places that encourage children's contact with sand. The unique play activities of children put them at increased risk due to potential exposures through skin, ingestion, and inhalation. This chapter summarizes data needs in terms of the basic components of risk assessment, including hazard identification, exposure, dose-response, and risk characterization. A literature review of fungi detection in public parks, sandpits, and beach sands found that the most commonly detected fungal pathogens included species of Aspergillus, Candida, Chrysosporium, Cryptococcus, Microsporum, Penicillium, Trichophyton, and Trichosporon. Risk estimations would benefit from a review and analysis of dose-response data for these fungi as well as studies that evaluate the influence of abrasions and wounds on the adherence and uptake of fungi on the skin. Risk assessment would also benefit from improved exposure assessments through the documentation of children's play behaviors when in contact with sediment and sand. Given the definition of acceptable risk levels, which would depend upon the severity of the disease, allowable levels of fungi can be then computed to establish guidelines for sand fungal levels in public areas or recommendations for human conduct during and after play activities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEnvironmental Mycology in Public Health
Subtitle of host publicationFungi and Mycotoxins Risk Assessment and Management
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages167-192
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9780124115354
ISBN (Print)9780124114715
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

Fungi
Public Health
Chrysosporium
Trichosporon
Microsporum
Cryptococcus
Skin
Trichophyton
Cost of Illness
Penicillium
Child Behavior
Aspergillus
Candida
Documentation
Inhalation
Eating
Guidelines
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Fungi
  • Recreational exposure
  • Risk
  • Risk assessment
  • Sand

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

Cite this

Solo-Gabriele, H. M., Brandão, J., Gordon, B., & Ferguson, A. (2015). Recreational Environment: Pathogenic Fungi in Public Places, Information Gaps in Assessing Public Health Risk. In Environmental Mycology in Public Health: Fungi and Mycotoxins Risk Assessment and Management (pp. 167-192). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-411471-5.00013-2

Recreational Environment : Pathogenic Fungi in Public Places, Information Gaps in Assessing Public Health Risk. / Solo-Gabriele, Helena M; Brandão, João; Gordon, Bari; Ferguson, Alesia.

Environmental Mycology in Public Health: Fungi and Mycotoxins Risk Assessment and Management. Elsevier Inc., 2015. p. 167-192.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Solo-Gabriele, HM, Brandão, J, Gordon, B & Ferguson, A 2015, Recreational Environment: Pathogenic Fungi in Public Places, Information Gaps in Assessing Public Health Risk. in Environmental Mycology in Public Health: Fungi and Mycotoxins Risk Assessment and Management. Elsevier Inc., pp. 167-192. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-411471-5.00013-2
Solo-Gabriele HM, Brandão J, Gordon B, Ferguson A. Recreational Environment: Pathogenic Fungi in Public Places, Information Gaps in Assessing Public Health Risk. In Environmental Mycology in Public Health: Fungi and Mycotoxins Risk Assessment and Management. Elsevier Inc. 2015. p. 167-192 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-411471-5.00013-2
Solo-Gabriele, Helena M ; Brandão, João ; Gordon, Bari ; Ferguson, Alesia. / Recreational Environment : Pathogenic Fungi in Public Places, Information Gaps in Assessing Public Health Risk. Environmental Mycology in Public Health: Fungi and Mycotoxins Risk Assessment and Management. Elsevier Inc., 2015. pp. 167-192
@inbook{cf68b5dc680344139b5709273bd6241a,
title = "Recreational Environment: Pathogenic Fungi in Public Places, Information Gaps in Assessing Public Health Risk",
abstract = "Sediment and sands are reservoirs for many fungal pathogens. Given the burden of fungal illness worldwide, efforts are needed to document risks associated with sediment and sand contact. Areas of particular concern include public places that encourage children's contact with sand. The unique play activities of children put them at increased risk due to potential exposures through skin, ingestion, and inhalation. This chapter summarizes data needs in terms of the basic components of risk assessment, including hazard identification, exposure, dose-response, and risk characterization. A literature review of fungi detection in public parks, sandpits, and beach sands found that the most commonly detected fungal pathogens included species of Aspergillus, Candida, Chrysosporium, Cryptococcus, Microsporum, Penicillium, Trichophyton, and Trichosporon. Risk estimations would benefit from a review and analysis of dose-response data for these fungi as well as studies that evaluate the influence of abrasions and wounds on the adherence and uptake of fungi on the skin. Risk assessment would also benefit from improved exposure assessments through the documentation of children's play behaviors when in contact with sediment and sand. Given the definition of acceptable risk levels, which would depend upon the severity of the disease, allowable levels of fungi can be then computed to establish guidelines for sand fungal levels in public areas or recommendations for human conduct during and after play activities.",
keywords = "Fungi, Recreational exposure, Risk, Risk assessment, Sand",
author = "Solo-Gabriele, {Helena M} and Jo{\~a}o Brand{\~a}o and Bari Gordon and Alesia Ferguson",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/B978-0-12-411471-5.00013-2",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780124114715",
pages = "167--192",
booktitle = "Environmental Mycology in Public Health",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Recreational Environment

T2 - Pathogenic Fungi in Public Places, Information Gaps in Assessing Public Health Risk

AU - Solo-Gabriele, Helena M

AU - Brandão, João

AU - Gordon, Bari

AU - Ferguson, Alesia

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Sediment and sands are reservoirs for many fungal pathogens. Given the burden of fungal illness worldwide, efforts are needed to document risks associated with sediment and sand contact. Areas of particular concern include public places that encourage children's contact with sand. The unique play activities of children put them at increased risk due to potential exposures through skin, ingestion, and inhalation. This chapter summarizes data needs in terms of the basic components of risk assessment, including hazard identification, exposure, dose-response, and risk characterization. A literature review of fungi detection in public parks, sandpits, and beach sands found that the most commonly detected fungal pathogens included species of Aspergillus, Candida, Chrysosporium, Cryptococcus, Microsporum, Penicillium, Trichophyton, and Trichosporon. Risk estimations would benefit from a review and analysis of dose-response data for these fungi as well as studies that evaluate the influence of abrasions and wounds on the adherence and uptake of fungi on the skin. Risk assessment would also benefit from improved exposure assessments through the documentation of children's play behaviors when in contact with sediment and sand. Given the definition of acceptable risk levels, which would depend upon the severity of the disease, allowable levels of fungi can be then computed to establish guidelines for sand fungal levels in public areas or recommendations for human conduct during and after play activities.

AB - Sediment and sands are reservoirs for many fungal pathogens. Given the burden of fungal illness worldwide, efforts are needed to document risks associated with sediment and sand contact. Areas of particular concern include public places that encourage children's contact with sand. The unique play activities of children put them at increased risk due to potential exposures through skin, ingestion, and inhalation. This chapter summarizes data needs in terms of the basic components of risk assessment, including hazard identification, exposure, dose-response, and risk characterization. A literature review of fungi detection in public parks, sandpits, and beach sands found that the most commonly detected fungal pathogens included species of Aspergillus, Candida, Chrysosporium, Cryptococcus, Microsporum, Penicillium, Trichophyton, and Trichosporon. Risk estimations would benefit from a review and analysis of dose-response data for these fungi as well as studies that evaluate the influence of abrasions and wounds on the adherence and uptake of fungi on the skin. Risk assessment would also benefit from improved exposure assessments through the documentation of children's play behaviors when in contact with sediment and sand. Given the definition of acceptable risk levels, which would depend upon the severity of the disease, allowable levels of fungi can be then computed to establish guidelines for sand fungal levels in public areas or recommendations for human conduct during and after play activities.

KW - Fungi

KW - Recreational exposure

KW - Risk

KW - Risk assessment

KW - Sand

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068556741&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85068556741&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/B978-0-12-411471-5.00013-2

DO - 10.1016/B978-0-12-411471-5.00013-2

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9780124114715

SP - 167

EP - 192

BT - Environmental Mycology in Public Health

PB - Elsevier Inc.

ER -