Recovery Off-Kinetics Following Exhaustive Upper Body Exercise in Spinal Cord Injury

Donal Murray, Lisa M.K. Chin, Rachel E. Cowan, Suzanne L. Groah, Randall E. Keyser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: People with spinal cord injury (SCI) present with impaired autonomic control when the lesion is above T6. This could lead to delayed cardiorespiratory recovery following vigorous physical activity. Objectives: To characterize and compare gas exchange off-kinetics following exhaustive exercise in individuals with SCI and an apparently healthy control group. Methods: Participants were 19 individuals with SCI who presented with the inability to voluntarily lift their legs against gravity (age, 44.6 ± 14.2 years; AIS A, n = 5; AIS B, n = 7; AIS C, n = 7; paraplegia, n = 14; tetraplegia, n = 5) and 10 healthy comparisons (COM; age, 30.5 ± 5.3 years). All participants performed an arm ergometer cardiopulmonary exercise test (aCPET) to volitional exhaustion followed by a 10-minute passive recovery. O2 uptake (V̇o2 ) and CO2 output (V̇co2 ) off-kinetics was examined using a mono-exponential model in which tau off (τoff ) and mean response time (MRT) were determined. The off-kinetics transition constant (Ktoff ) was calculated as ΔV̇o2 /MRT. Student t tests were used to compare SCI versus COM group means. Results: COM had a significantly higher relative peak V̇o2 compared to SCI (1.70 ± 0.55 L/min vs 1.19 ± 0.51 L/min, p = .019). No difference was observed for τoff between the groups, however Ktoff for both V̇o2 and V̇co2 was significantly lower in the SCI compared to the COM group. Conclusion: A reduced Ktoff during recovery may suggest inefficiencies in replenishing muscle ATP stores and lactate clearance in these participants with SCI. These findings may contribute to the observed lower cardiorespiratory fitness and greater fatigability typically reported in individuals with SCI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)304-313
Number of pages10
JournalTopics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • off-kinetics
  • recovery kinetics
  • spinal cord injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology


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