Recovery of Staub Effect and amelioration of insulin secretion defects after glyburide treatment in non-insulin-dependent diabetes.

I. L. Soneru, N. Hein, J. D. Jeffery, C. Abraira

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Staub Effect or improved glucose disposal after repetitive glucose loads does not occur in untreated diabetes. In non-insulin dependent diabetes (NIDDM) there is impaired insulin response to intravenous (i.v.) glucose injection, especially in early insulin release (EIR) and the lesser known post EIR suppression of insulin levels below basal, or acute insulin decrement (AID). To test the ability of a second generation sulfonylurea, glyburide, to affect glucose primed glucose disposal and insulin secretory patterns, sixteen NIDDM male subjects received three hourly intravenous glucose loads while untreated and again after six months of glyburide therapy. After treatment there was a fall of fasting glycemia from 204 +/- 11 to 147 +/- 8 mg/dl (p less than 0.001), of all glucose levels during the i.v. glucose tolerance tests (p less than 0.025) and glycosylated hemoglobin from 8 +/- 0.3% to 7.6 +/- 0.3% (p less than 0.005). Before treatment i.v. glucose disposal (K value) changed very little after successive glucose challenges, but after glyburide all mean K values were higher, and glucose primed glucose disposals were faster after the second (K2) and third (K3) glucose injection than after the first (K1) (p less than 0.025 and p less than 0.01 respectively). In the untreated state, there was higher and significant EIR by the third glucose load, (p less than 0.025) while AID was clearly more pronounced after the second load (p less than 0.001). After glyburide treatment EIR was significantly higher than before in all loads, and mean AID was no longer demonstrable. Insulin summation (S) after successive i.v. loads maintained a stepwise increase both before and after treatment.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-83
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetes research (Edinburgh, Lothian)
Volume15
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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