Appropriate regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation is essential for axon growth and guidance; evidence from invertebrates indicates that receptor-type tyrosine phosphatases (RPTPs) are required for correct axon growth during CNS development. One vertebrate RPTP, PTP-δ, is highly expressed in brain and has a cell adhesion molecule-like extracellular domain (ECD) comprising three immunoglobulin repeats and eight fibronectin type III repeats. Using fluorescent beads (Covaspheres) coated with the PTP-δ ECD, as well as insect cells expressing PTP-δ on their surfaces, we show that PTP-δ is a homophilic cell adhesion molecule. A variety of chick neurons adhere strongly to an Fc fusion protein containing the PTP-δ ECD. Additionally, substrate- bound PTP-δ ECD fusion protein strongly promotes neurite outgrowth from forebrain neurons; this effect is separable from its effect on adhesion. Our results indicate that PTP-δ is a neurite-promoting cell adhesion molecule for CNS neurons.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Cell Biology