Recent Preoperative Myocardial Infarction Increases the Risk of Surgery for Unstable Angina

STEPHEN E. FREMES, BERNARD S. GOLDMAN, RICHARD D. WEISEL, JOAN IVANOV, GEORGE T. CHRISTAKIS, TOMAS A. SALERNO, TIRONE E. DAVID

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients with postinfarction angina undergoing surgery for unstable angina face an increased risk of operative mortality. Between January 1982 and December 1987, clinical, angiographic, and operative data was collected prospectively in 588 unstable patients with a prior myocardial infarction within 30 days of surgery (MI) and 5951 unstable patients without preoperative damage (NONMI). MI patients were characterized as being older (age ≥ 70 years: MI, 19.7%; NONMI, 11.6%; p < 0.001) and having more left ventricular dysfunction (left ventricular ejection fraction < 40%: MI, 34.8%; NONMI, 26.4%; p < 0.001). Semi-elective surgery was performed in 82.0% of NONMI patients while 76.9% of MI patients underwent urgent surgery. Operative mortality was increased in MI patients (MI, 11.1%; NONMI, 4.0%; p < 0.001) which was related to the extent of preoperative MI (non-Q wave, 8.3%; Q wave, 17.5%; p < 0.001). Stepwise logistic regression analysis identified preoperative MI as an independent risk variable of operative mortality for unstable angina. Separate multivariate analyses were performed to identify the independent predictors for MI and NONMI patients. The multivariate predictors of operative death for MI patients were left ventricular dysfunction, reoperative coronary surgery, nonuse of the internal mammary, age, transmural MI (relative risk 2.11 vs non-Q wave infarction) and left main stenosis. For NONMI patients, the independent variables were urgent operation, left ventricular dysfunction, reoperation, female gender, left main stenosis, and age. The results of this study indicate that recent preoperative MI adversely influences the surgical results in patients with unstable angina. Alternative treatment strategies are warranted for high risk patients, particularly those with transmural MIs and impaired ventricular function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2-12
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of cardiac surgery
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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