Readmission and reinjury patterns in pediatric assault victims

Nicholas Cortolillo, Ellie Moeller, Joshua Parreco, John Kimball, Rennier Martinez, Rishi Rattan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Introduction: Repeated pediatric assault should be a never event. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the readmission and reinjury patterns in pediatric victims of assault including readmissions to different hospitals across the US. Methods: The 2010–2014 Nationwide Readmissions Database was queried for all nonelective admissions for patients under the age of 18 years. Primary outcomes were readmission or reinjury within 1 year. Results were weighted for national estimates. Results: Assault-related injury occurred in 46,294 pediatric patients with 11.4% of patients being readmitted within 1 year. Of those readmitted, 35.2% presented to a different hospital. Reinjury within 1 year occurred in about 1% of patients, with 14.8% of those presenting to a different hospital. Age < 13 years, firearm-injury, ISS > 15, female gender, and leaving AMA were found to be independent prognostic indicators of readmission within 1 year among pediatric assault patients. Conclusion: Care of children who are admitted and discharged for assault injuries is more fragmented that previously thought. Quality metrics fail to capture this previously hidden population. Our results identify treatable factors which could improve the care of children after assault.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-199
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric Surgery International
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020


  • Assault
  • Readmission
  • Recidivism
  • Recurrent trauma
  • Reinjury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery


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