Reactive species mediated injury of human lung epithelial cells after hypoxia-reoxygenation

Chuanyu Li, Marcienne M. Wright, Robert M. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study tested the hypothesis that hypoxia exposure predisposed lung epithelial cells to reactive oxygen species-(ROS) mediated cellular injury. Human lung carcinoma cells (ATCC line H441) having epithelial characteristics (including lamellar bodies, surfactant protein [SP]-A, and SP-B) were cultured in air (air/5% CO2) or hypoxia (<1% O2/5% CO2) for 0 to 24 hours before imposition of oxidant stress. Cellular manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) activity (units/mg protein) decreased significantly after 24 hours of hypoxia. In normoxic culture after hypoxia, the cells produced increased ROS, detected as dichlorofluorescein (DCF) fluorescence and H2O2 accumulation in medium. Antioxidants N-acetylcysteine (N-Ac) and ebselen inhibited increased DCF fluorescence after hypoxia. To test their ability to tolerate oxidant stress, some cells were incubated with antimycin A (100μM) and trifluorocarbonylcyanide phenylhydrazone (10μM) (anti A + FCCP), a mitochondrial complex III inhibitor and respiratory chain uncoupler, which together increase mitochondrial superoxide (O2-) and H2O2 production. Lung epithelial cells preexposed to hypoxia released more lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) than normoxic controls in response to increased O2- production. Increased LDH release from hypoxia-preexposed cells treated with anti A + FCCP was inhibited by I mM N-Ac. Rotenone and myxothiazole increased DCF oxidation more in hypoxic than in normoxic cells, suggesting that mitochondrial electron transport complex I may have been altered by hypoxia preexposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-389
Number of pages17
JournalExperimental Lung Research
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 22 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Alveolar
  • Apoptosis
  • Epithelium
  • Hypoxia
  • Reoxygenation
  • Superoxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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