Re-evaluating Blood Markers as Predictors of Outcome in Multivisceral and Intestinal Transplantation

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Background: Multivisceral transplant (MVTx) and isolated intestinal transplant (ITx) are complex surgical procedures. The subsequent proinflammatory state in the immediate postoperative period makes interpretation of blood markers difficult. Method: We aimed to establish the course of various blood markers after MVTx/ITx, and to evaluate their use as diagnostic markers of complications. This was a single center prospective cohort. We analyzed blood markers collected preoperatively, on alternate days for the first postoperative week, and then weekly for 4 weeks. This study was in compliance with The Declaration of Helsinki. Results: Over a 16-month period (July 2017-October 2018), 20 subjects aged 2 to 67 years with a median age of 24.5 years received MVTx/ITx. Twelve recipients (60%) had an infection. Neutrophil lymphocyte count ratio (NLCR) was higher than established upper limits of normal, regardless of infection status. NLCR and white blood cell count were useful to identify infected MVTx/ITx recipients, with P values <.05 for 2 and 1 of 7 time points post transplant, respectively. Higher preoperative eosinophil% predicted future acute cellular rejection (P value .023). Conclusions: This is the first study to extensively track the course of blood markers post MVTx/ITx and identified NLCR and white blood cell count as potential diagnostic blood markers of infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)696-704
Number of pages9
JournalTransplantation proceedings
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation


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