Ray stability is investigated in environments consisting of a range-independent background sound-speed profile on which a range-dependent perturbation is superimposed. Theoretical arguments suggest and numerical results confirm that ray stability is strongly influenced by the background sound speed profile. Ray instability is shown to increase with increasing magnitude of α(I) = (I/ω)dω/dI, where 2π/ω(I) is the range of a ray double loop and I is the ray action variable. This behavior is illustrated using internal-wave-induced scattering in deep ocean environments and rough surface scattering in upward refracting environments.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics