Rationale and Design of the Echocardiographic Study of Hispanics/Latinos (ECHO-SOL)

Carlos J. Rodriguez, Ajay Dharod, Matthew A. Allison, Sanjiv J. Shah, Barry Hurwitz, Shrikant I. Bangdiwala, Franklyn Gonzalez, Dalane Kitzman, Linda Gillam, Daniel Spevack, Rupal Dadhania, Sarah Langdon, Robert Kaplan

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Information regarding the prevalence and determinants of cardiac structure and function (systolic and diastolic) among the various Hispanic background groups in the United States is limited.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The Echocardiographic Study of Latinos (ECHO-SOL) ancillary study recruited 1,824 participants through a stratified-sampling process representative of the population-based Hispanic Communities Health Study - Study of Latinos (HCHS-SOL) across four sites (Bronx, NY; Chicago, Ill; San Diego, Calif; Miami, Fla). The HCHS-SOL baseline cohort did not include an echo exam. ECHO-SOL added the echocardiographic assessment of cardiac structure and function to an array of existing HCHS-SOL baseline clinical, psychosocial, and socioeconomic data and provides sufficient statistical power for comparisons among the Hispanic subgroups. Standard two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography protocol, including M-mode, spectral, color and tissue Doppler study was performed. The main objectives were to: 1) characterize cardiac structure and function and its determinants among Hispanics and Hispanic subgroups; and 2) determine the contributions of specific psychosocial factors (acculturation and familismo) to cardiac structure and function among Hispanics.

CONCLUSION: We describe the design, methods and rationale of currently the largest and most comprehensive study of cardiac structure and function exclusively among US Hispanics. ECHO-SOL aims to enhance our understanding of Hispanic cardiovascular health as well as help untangle the relative importance of Hispanic subgroup heterogeneity and sociocultural factors on cardiac structure and function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)180-186
Number of pages7
JournalEthnicity & disease
Volume25
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

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Hispanic Americans
Health
Echocardiography
Acculturation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Rodriguez, C. J., Dharod, A., Allison, M. A., Shah, S. J., Hurwitz, B., Bangdiwala, S. I., ... Kaplan, R. (2015). Rationale and Design of the Echocardiographic Study of Hispanics/Latinos (ECHO-SOL). Ethnicity & disease, 25(2), 180-186.

Rationale and Design of the Echocardiographic Study of Hispanics/Latinos (ECHO-SOL). / Rodriguez, Carlos J.; Dharod, Ajay; Allison, Matthew A.; Shah, Sanjiv J.; Hurwitz, Barry; Bangdiwala, Shrikant I.; Gonzalez, Franklyn; Kitzman, Dalane; Gillam, Linda; Spevack, Daniel; Dadhania, Rupal; Langdon, Sarah; Kaplan, Robert.

In: Ethnicity & disease, Vol. 25, No. 2, 01.03.2015, p. 180-186.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rodriguez, CJ, Dharod, A, Allison, MA, Shah, SJ, Hurwitz, B, Bangdiwala, SI, Gonzalez, F, Kitzman, D, Gillam, L, Spevack, D, Dadhania, R, Langdon, S & Kaplan, R 2015, 'Rationale and Design of the Echocardiographic Study of Hispanics/Latinos (ECHO-SOL)', Ethnicity & disease, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 180-186.
Rodriguez CJ, Dharod A, Allison MA, Shah SJ, Hurwitz B, Bangdiwala SI et al. Rationale and Design of the Echocardiographic Study of Hispanics/Latinos (ECHO-SOL). Ethnicity & disease. 2015 Mar 1;25(2):180-186.
Rodriguez, Carlos J. ; Dharod, Ajay ; Allison, Matthew A. ; Shah, Sanjiv J. ; Hurwitz, Barry ; Bangdiwala, Shrikant I. ; Gonzalez, Franklyn ; Kitzman, Dalane ; Gillam, Linda ; Spevack, Daniel ; Dadhania, Rupal ; Langdon, Sarah ; Kaplan, Robert. / Rationale and Design of the Echocardiographic Study of Hispanics/Latinos (ECHO-SOL). In: Ethnicity & disease. 2015 ; Vol. 25, No. 2. pp. 180-186.
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AU - Shah, Sanjiv J.

AU - Hurwitz, Barry

AU - Bangdiwala, Shrikant I.

AU - Gonzalez, Franklyn

AU - Kitzman, Dalane

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AU - Dadhania, Rupal

AU - Langdon, Sarah

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N2 - BACKGROUND: Information regarding the prevalence and determinants of cardiac structure and function (systolic and diastolic) among the various Hispanic background groups in the United States is limited.METHODS AND RESULTS: The Echocardiographic Study of Latinos (ECHO-SOL) ancillary study recruited 1,824 participants through a stratified-sampling process representative of the population-based Hispanic Communities Health Study - Study of Latinos (HCHS-SOL) across four sites (Bronx, NY; Chicago, Ill; San Diego, Calif; Miami, Fla). The HCHS-SOL baseline cohort did not include an echo exam. ECHO-SOL added the echocardiographic assessment of cardiac structure and function to an array of existing HCHS-SOL baseline clinical, psychosocial, and socioeconomic data and provides sufficient statistical power for comparisons among the Hispanic subgroups. Standard two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography protocol, including M-mode, spectral, color and tissue Doppler study was performed. The main objectives were to: 1) characterize cardiac structure and function and its determinants among Hispanics and Hispanic subgroups; and 2) determine the contributions of specific psychosocial factors (acculturation and familismo) to cardiac structure and function among Hispanics.CONCLUSION: We describe the design, methods and rationale of currently the largest and most comprehensive study of cardiac structure and function exclusively among US Hispanics. ECHO-SOL aims to enhance our understanding of Hispanic cardiovascular health as well as help untangle the relative importance of Hispanic subgroup heterogeneity and sociocultural factors on cardiac structure and function.

AB - BACKGROUND: Information regarding the prevalence and determinants of cardiac structure and function (systolic and diastolic) among the various Hispanic background groups in the United States is limited.METHODS AND RESULTS: The Echocardiographic Study of Latinos (ECHO-SOL) ancillary study recruited 1,824 participants through a stratified-sampling process representative of the population-based Hispanic Communities Health Study - Study of Latinos (HCHS-SOL) across four sites (Bronx, NY; Chicago, Ill; San Diego, Calif; Miami, Fla). The HCHS-SOL baseline cohort did not include an echo exam. ECHO-SOL added the echocardiographic assessment of cardiac structure and function to an array of existing HCHS-SOL baseline clinical, psychosocial, and socioeconomic data and provides sufficient statistical power for comparisons among the Hispanic subgroups. Standard two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography protocol, including M-mode, spectral, color and tissue Doppler study was performed. The main objectives were to: 1) characterize cardiac structure and function and its determinants among Hispanics and Hispanic subgroups; and 2) determine the contributions of specific psychosocial factors (acculturation and familismo) to cardiac structure and function among Hispanics.CONCLUSION: We describe the design, methods and rationale of currently the largest and most comprehensive study of cardiac structure and function exclusively among US Hispanics. ECHO-SOL aims to enhance our understanding of Hispanic cardiovascular health as well as help untangle the relative importance of Hispanic subgroup heterogeneity and sociocultural factors on cardiac structure and function.

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