Rates and risk factors for suicide, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts in chronic epilepsy

Jana E. Jones, Bruce P. Hermann, John J. Barry, Frank G. Gilliam, Andres M Kanner, Kimford J. Meador

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

258 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies of causes of death among people with epilepsy suggest that the lifetime prevalence rate of suicide is elevated. Although not all of the studies have reported an increased risk for suicide, the collective data yield an average rate of approximately 12% among people with epilepsy, compared with 1.1-1.2% in the general population. The increased risk for suicide appears to affect children and adolescents as well as adults. Rates of suicide attempts have also been reported to be elevated among people with epilepsy. A suicide attempt is a significant risk factor for completed suicide. Certain psychiatric disorders, including primary mood disorders, also increase the risk for suicide. Among people with epilepsy, psychiatric comorbidity is common, and rates of mood disorders, particularly major depression, have consistently been reported to be elevated. Other potential risk factors are family issues, physical health, personality, life stress, previous suicidal behavior, and access to firearms. Assessing severity of risk helps to determine the appropriate level of intervention. The suicidality module of the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview is a practical tool to help quantify current suicide risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEpilepsy and Behavior
Volume4
Issue numberSUPPL. 3
StatePublished - Oct 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Suicidal Ideation
Suicide
Epilepsy
Mood Disorders
Psychiatry
Firearms
Psychological Stress
Personality
Comorbidity
Cause of Death
Interviews
Depression
Health

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Epilepsy
  • Psychiatric disorder
  • Suicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Neurology

Cite this

Jones, J. E., Hermann, B. P., Barry, J. J., Gilliam, F. G., Kanner, A. M., & Meador, K. J. (2003). Rates and risk factors for suicide, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts in chronic epilepsy. Epilepsy and Behavior, 4(SUPPL. 3).

Rates and risk factors for suicide, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts in chronic epilepsy. / Jones, Jana E.; Hermann, Bruce P.; Barry, John J.; Gilliam, Frank G.; Kanner, Andres M; Meador, Kimford J.

In: Epilepsy and Behavior, Vol. 4, No. SUPPL. 3, 10.2003.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jones, JE, Hermann, BP, Barry, JJ, Gilliam, FG, Kanner, AM & Meador, KJ 2003, 'Rates and risk factors for suicide, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts in chronic epilepsy', Epilepsy and Behavior, vol. 4, no. SUPPL. 3.
Jones, Jana E. ; Hermann, Bruce P. ; Barry, John J. ; Gilliam, Frank G. ; Kanner, Andres M ; Meador, Kimford J. / Rates and risk factors for suicide, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts in chronic epilepsy. In: Epilepsy and Behavior. 2003 ; Vol. 4, No. SUPPL. 3.
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