Rare variants and loci for age-related macular degeneration in the Ohio and Indiana Amish

Andrea R. Waksmunski, Robert P. Igo, Yeunjoo E. Song, Jessica N. Cooke Bailey, Renee Laux, Denise Fuzzell, Sarada Fuzzell, Larry D. Adams, Laura Caywood, Michael Prough, Dwight Stambolian, William K. Scott, Margaret A. Pericak-Vance, Jonathan L. Haines

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness in the world. While dozens of independent genomic variants are associated with AMD, about one-third of AMD heritability is still unexplained. To identify novel variants and loci for AMD, we analyzed Illumina HumanExome chip data from 87 Amish individuals with early or late AMD, 79 unaffected Amish individuals, and 15 related Amish individuals with unknown AMD affection status. We retained 37,428 polymorphic autosomal variants across 175 samples for association and linkage analyses. After correcting for multiple testing (n = 37,428), we identified four variants significantly associated with AMD: rs200437673 (LCN9, p = 1.50 × 10−11), rs151214675 (RTEL1, p = 3.18 × 10−8), rs140250387 (DLGAP1, p = 4.49 × 10−7), and rs115333865 (CGRRF1, p = 1.05 × 10−6). These variants have not been previously associated with AMD and are not in linkage disequilibrium with the 52 known AMD-associated variants reported by the International AMD Genomics Consortium based on physical distance. Genome-wide significant linkage peaks were observed on chromosomes 8q21.11–q21.13 (maximum recessive HLOD = 4.03) and 18q21.2–21.32 (maximum dominant HLOD = 3.87; maximum recessive HLOD = 4.27). These loci do not overlap with loci previously linked to AMD. Through gene ontology enrichment analysis with ClueGO in Cytoscape, we determined that several genes in the 1-HLOD support interval of the chromosome 8 locus are involved in fatty acid binding and triglyceride catabolic processes, and the 1-HLOD support interval of the linkage region on chromosome 18 is enriched in genes that participate in serine-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity and the positive regulation of epithelial to mesenchymal transition. These results nominate novel variants and loci for AMD that require further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1171-1182
Number of pages12
JournalHuman genetics
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Rare variants and loci for age-related macular degeneration in the Ohio and Indiana Amish'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this