Rapid sevoflurane induction compared with thiopental

Michael C. Lewis, Menno TerRiet, Luis DeLaCruz, Christina Matadial, Ricardo Gerenstein, Gerard DeSouza, Gilbert J. Chidiac

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study objectives To examine whether the speed of induction of anesthesia with sevoflurane/nitrous oxide (N2O) utilizing a 10-second vital capacity rapid inhalation induction (VCRII) followed by tidal breathing was similar or faster than cautious intravenous (IV) thiopental induction with inhaled N2O. Design Prospective, randomized, double-blinded study. Setting Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Patients 50 male ASA physical status I, II, and III patients scheduled for general anesthesia. Interventions Patients were randomized to receive either 8% sevoflurane or IV thiopental. Patients were allocated to one of two groups of 25 patients each. In both groups, the breathing circuit was initially primed for 5 minutes with (4 L/min) and O 2 (2 L/min), while the Y-piece was occluded. In the sevoflurane group, the circuit was additionally primed with 8% sevoflurane. Patients were trained to perform a vital capacity breath. After maximal exhalation, the occluding plug was rapidly removed from the Y-piece and connected to the facemask. The patient then inspired to vital capacity, held his breath for 10 seconds, and then was allowed to breathe normally. At the end of the 10-second breathhold, and as the patient started normal breathing, either thiopental (thiopental group) or normal saline (sevoflurane group) was injected at a rate of 4 mL every 10 seconds. Measurements A study-blinded observer recorded the time to induction, as defined by the time to loss of eyelash reflex, and noted the occurrence of side effects. Main results The speed of induction was the same for both groups (p > 0.05). An average of eight breaths was required before loss of eyelash reflex. Side effects occurred in 36% of the patients in the thiopental group, and 32% in the sevoflurane group (p > 0.05); these were minor and did not affect induction. Conclusion Sevoflurane/N2O VCRII as used in this investigation is an effective inhalation technique; it resulted in an induction time similar to that of slow IV thiopental with inhaled N 2O.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-275
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Anesthesia
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2004

Fingerprint

Thiopental
Vital Capacity
Eyelashes
Inhalation
Respiration
Reflex
Exhalation
sevoflurane
Nitrous Oxide
Veterans
General Anesthesia
Anesthesia

Keywords

  • inhalation induction
  • loss of eyelash reflex
  • Sevoflurane
  • speed of induction
  • thiopental sodium
  • vital capacity induction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

Lewis, M. C., TerRiet, M., DeLaCruz, L., Matadial, C., Gerenstein, R., DeSouza, G., & Chidiac, G. J. (2004). Rapid sevoflurane induction compared with thiopental. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia, 16(4), 271-275. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinane.2003.09.007

Rapid sevoflurane induction compared with thiopental. / Lewis, Michael C.; TerRiet, Menno; DeLaCruz, Luis; Matadial, Christina; Gerenstein, Ricardo; DeSouza, Gerard; Chidiac, Gilbert J.

In: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia, Vol. 16, No. 4, 01.06.2004, p. 271-275.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lewis, MC, TerRiet, M, DeLaCruz, L, Matadial, C, Gerenstein, R, DeSouza, G & Chidiac, GJ 2004, 'Rapid sevoflurane induction compared with thiopental', Journal of Clinical Anesthesia, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 271-275. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinane.2003.09.007
Lewis MC, TerRiet M, DeLaCruz L, Matadial C, Gerenstein R, DeSouza G et al. Rapid sevoflurane induction compared with thiopental. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia. 2004 Jun 1;16(4):271-275. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinane.2003.09.007
Lewis, Michael C. ; TerRiet, Menno ; DeLaCruz, Luis ; Matadial, Christina ; Gerenstein, Ricardo ; DeSouza, Gerard ; Chidiac, Gilbert J. / Rapid sevoflurane induction compared with thiopental. In: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia. 2004 ; Vol. 16, No. 4. pp. 271-275.
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abstract = "Study objectives To examine whether the speed of induction of anesthesia with sevoflurane/nitrous oxide (N2O) utilizing a 10-second vital capacity rapid inhalation induction (VCRII) followed by tidal breathing was similar or faster than cautious intravenous (IV) thiopental induction with inhaled N2O. Design Prospective, randomized, double-blinded study. Setting Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Patients 50 male ASA physical status I, II, and III patients scheduled for general anesthesia. Interventions Patients were randomized to receive either 8{\%} sevoflurane or IV thiopental. Patients were allocated to one of two groups of 25 patients each. In both groups, the breathing circuit was initially primed for 5 minutes with (4 L/min) and O 2 (2 L/min), while the Y-piece was occluded. In the sevoflurane group, the circuit was additionally primed with 8{\%} sevoflurane. Patients were trained to perform a vital capacity breath. After maximal exhalation, the occluding plug was rapidly removed from the Y-piece and connected to the facemask. The patient then inspired to vital capacity, held his breath for 10 seconds, and then was allowed to breathe normally. At the end of the 10-second breathhold, and as the patient started normal breathing, either thiopental (thiopental group) or normal saline (sevoflurane group) was injected at a rate of 4 mL every 10 seconds. Measurements A study-blinded observer recorded the time to induction, as defined by the time to loss of eyelash reflex, and noted the occurrence of side effects. Main results The speed of induction was the same for both groups (p > 0.05). An average of eight breaths was required before loss of eyelash reflex. Side effects occurred in 36{\%} of the patients in the thiopental group, and 32{\%} in the sevoflurane group (p > 0.05); these were minor and did not affect induction. Conclusion Sevoflurane/N2O VCRII as used in this investigation is an effective inhalation technique; it resulted in an induction time similar to that of slow IV thiopental with inhaled N 2O.",
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AU - DeSouza, Gerard

AU - Chidiac, Gilbert J.

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N2 - Study objectives To examine whether the speed of induction of anesthesia with sevoflurane/nitrous oxide (N2O) utilizing a 10-second vital capacity rapid inhalation induction (VCRII) followed by tidal breathing was similar or faster than cautious intravenous (IV) thiopental induction with inhaled N2O. Design Prospective, randomized, double-blinded study. Setting Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Patients 50 male ASA physical status I, II, and III patients scheduled for general anesthesia. Interventions Patients were randomized to receive either 8% sevoflurane or IV thiopental. Patients were allocated to one of two groups of 25 patients each. In both groups, the breathing circuit was initially primed for 5 minutes with (4 L/min) and O 2 (2 L/min), while the Y-piece was occluded. In the sevoflurane group, the circuit was additionally primed with 8% sevoflurane. Patients were trained to perform a vital capacity breath. After maximal exhalation, the occluding plug was rapidly removed from the Y-piece and connected to the facemask. The patient then inspired to vital capacity, held his breath for 10 seconds, and then was allowed to breathe normally. At the end of the 10-second breathhold, and as the patient started normal breathing, either thiopental (thiopental group) or normal saline (sevoflurane group) was injected at a rate of 4 mL every 10 seconds. Measurements A study-blinded observer recorded the time to induction, as defined by the time to loss of eyelash reflex, and noted the occurrence of side effects. Main results The speed of induction was the same for both groups (p > 0.05). An average of eight breaths was required before loss of eyelash reflex. Side effects occurred in 36% of the patients in the thiopental group, and 32% in the sevoflurane group (p > 0.05); these were minor and did not affect induction. Conclusion Sevoflurane/N2O VCRII as used in this investigation is an effective inhalation technique; it resulted in an induction time similar to that of slow IV thiopental with inhaled N 2O.

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