Rapid Intraoperative Diagnosis of Meningiomas using Stimulated Raman Histology

Long Di, Daniel G. Eichberg, You Jeong Park, Ashish H. Shah, Aria M. Jamshidi, Evan M. Luther, Victor M. Lu, Ricardo J. Komotar, Michael E. Ivan, Sakir H. Gultekin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Frozen section is a time- and labor-intensive method for intraoperative pathologic diagnosis. As a result, there exists a need to expedite and streamline the acquisition and interpretation of diagnostic histologic data to inform surgical decision making. Stimulated Raman histology (SRH) is an emerging technology that may serve to expedite the acquisition and interpretation of histologic data in the operating room. Methods: A blinded, prospective cohort study of 82 patients undergoing resection for tumors of the central nervous system was performed. Twenty-six patients with diagnoses of meningioma on SRH, frozen, or permanent section were included in this subanalysis. Diagnostic time and accuracy of stimulated SRH histology images were compared with the gold standard (frozen section). Agreement of SRH and frozen section diagnosis with permanent section (true) diagnosis was also compared. Results: Mean time-to-diagnosis was significantly shorter for SRH-mediated diagnosis compared with frozen section (9.2 vs. 35.8, P < 0.0001). Diagnostic accuracy was not significantly different between methods (P = 0.15). Diagnostic agreement was not significantly different between SRH versus frozen, SRH versus permanent, or frozen versus permanent section methods (P = 0.5, P = 0.5, P = 1.00). Conclusions: SRH is a promising adjuvant technology that may expedite intraoperative neuropathologic consult without sacrificing diagnostic accuracy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e108-e116
JournalWorld neurosurgery
Volume150
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brain tumor
  • Frozen section
  • Meningioma
  • Pathology
  • Permanent section
  • Stimulated Raman histology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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